UNIT 38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

UNIT
38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
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LO1
Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry
Rationale: to achieve
the determined objectives eg improved employment opportunities, protection and
conservation of wildlife, landscape, co-ordination between public/private
partners, to maximise benefits, provide infrastructure, co-ordinate
development, consumer protection; involvement of stakeholders eg developers,
tourism industry, tourists and host community; public/private partnerships and
advantages/disadvantages of; effective use of resources eg infrastructure;
natural, cultural, heritage, human resources
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LO2
Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development
Planning: environmental; economic; social; international;
national; regional; local; strategic; short term; qualitative; quantitative;
methods of measuring tourism impact eg Cambridge Economic Impact Model (STEAM),
Environmental Impact Studies, Pro Poor Tourism; Responsible Tourism,
interactive planning systems and processes Development: preservation,
conservation, new build
LO3
Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism Sustainable
tourism: definitions eg Brundtland Report (1987), Triple
Bottom Line, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) Principles for Sustainable
Development (1995) Principles: planning considerations, benefits to the
environment, the host community, the tourism industry, the visitor; factors of
supply of facilities and resource weighed against demand; proposed developments
eg infrastructure required; interdependence eg of society, economy and the
natural environment; citizenship eg rights and responsibilities, participation
and cooperation; future generations; sustainable change eg development
LO4
Understand current issues related to tourism development planning Current
issues: conflict eg
tension between the planner, tour operator, tourist, government, developer,
local community, guest-host relationship; impacts eg economic, social,
environmental; access eg balance of supply and demand, imposition of limits,
pressure on finite resources; enclave tourism eg advantages and disadvantages
to the local community, moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism
UNIT
38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
LO5
Understand the socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in
developing countries and emerging destinations
Socio-cultural: social change, changing values, crime and
gambling, moral behaviour, change in family structure and roles,
tourist/host/relationships, provision of social services, commercialisation of
culture and art, revitalisation of customs and art forms, destruction and
preservation of heritage Environmental: types of conservation and pollution eg
air, visual, noise etc, land use, ecological disruption, pressures on
infrastructure and finite resources, erosion, preservation of environment eg
national parks, drainage, irrigation Economic: generation of employment,
provision of foreign exchange, multiplier effect of tourism as contribution to
the balance of payments, economic leakage, development of the private sector,
foreign ownership and management Developing countries: countries eg India,
Thailand, Jordan Emerging destinations: destinations for medical tourism eg
India, Thailand, Hungary; other destinations eg Bulgaria, Qatar, Shanghai
UNIT

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38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
Learning outcomes and assessment criteria
Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
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LO1
Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry
Assessment criteria for pass

The learner can:
1.1 discuss how stakeholders can benefit from planning of
tourism developments with reference to a current case study
1.2 discuss the advantages and disadvantages of
public/private sector tourism planning partnerships drawing on a current
example
LO2
Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development
2.1 analyse features of tourism development planning at
different levels

2.2 evaluate the
significance of interactive planning systems and processes in tourism
developments
2.3 evaluate different methods available to measure tourist
impact
LO3
Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism

3.1 justify the introduction of the concept of sustainability in tourism
development
3.2 analyse factors
that may prevent/hinder sustainable tourism development
3.3 analyse different stages in planning for sustainability
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LO4

 

Unit 4 – Personal  and professional development in health and social care
Understand current issues related to tourism development planning

4.1 evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future
well-being of a developing tourism destination
4.2 analyse the implications of balancing supply and demand
4.3 evaluate the moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism
LO5
Understand the sociocultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in
developing countries and emerging destinations
5.1 compare current issues associated with tourism
development in a developing country and an emerging destination where the
impacts of tourism are different
5.2 evaluate, with recommendations, the future development
of tourism in these destinations

UNIT 38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
Guidance
Links
This unit has links with:
Unit 4: Research Project Unit 37: The Travel and Tourism
Sector Unit 39: Tourist Destinations.
This unit maps to the following Management NVQ units:
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B1: Develop and implement operational plans for your area of
responsibility
B2: Map the environment in which your organisation operates.
Essential requirementsHND Assignment Help
Tutors must make considerable use of case studies
(educational, TV current affairs and travel videos) and texts to bring the
planning issues to life. Learners must be strongly encouraged to become
familiar with the Brundtland Report and with various definitions of
‘sustainable tourism’ and ‘responsible tourism’. Tutors must make use of local
case studies and guest speakers from interested/involved organisations. There
are a number of examples throughout the UK of planned urban regeneration
schemes, new hotel/country club/health club developments, airport extensions
and upgrades, new tourism attractions have benefited from interactive planning
processes, public/private partnerships and the adoption of sustainable
principles. These must be studied as examples of best practice and will support
the theoretical study of tourism planning processes, systems, models and
techniques. Learners will need to analyse different stages in planning for
sustainability and apply the stages to a case study/destination that has been
through such a planning process.
Employer engagement and vocational contexts
A team of employers could be identified to support the
different units. Employers could help tutors, for example, with the planning of
programmes of learning, or provision of visits, guest speakers and mentors.
They could also help to design assessment activities. The delivery of this unit
would be enhanced by employer engagement involving, for example, local travel
agencies, tourist attractions and particularly the local tourist board.
Learners could, for example, meet with employers from a local travel agency to
learn about current issues related to tourism development planning. Sustained
links with the travel agency may support further units as well as work
placement opportunities. A talk by a representative of the local tourist board
would help learners’ understanding of different approaches to tourism planning
and development, the need for planning for sustainable tourism and the
socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in developing
countries and emerging destinations. Where possible, learners should undertake
visits to relevant destinations in the UK and abroad.

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