Case Study

Written Assignment - Searching for evidence
You are required to select any one of the scenarios and PICO (population, intervention, comparison, outcome) question provided (available in LEO National assessments tile) to search for evidence. You are required to provide a description of your search and discuss the relevance and credibility of the evidence provided to answer the question.
Select one of the scenarios and the linked answerable question to address the following:
1. Identify your choice of key words/search terms and how you located them.
2. Identify at least two (2) possible sources of information and justify your choices.
3. Search for evidence to answer the question and describe your search process and strategies used. Considering your findings (sensitivity/specificity) you are required to refine your search.
4. Refine your initial search and describe how you did this.
5. Include a table (Richardson-Tench et al., 2016, p.47) to demonstrate your search using the headings 'actions', 'search mode', 'results', and 'limiters'.
6. Using the evidence matching the scenario/answerable question, discuss the relevance and credibility of the evidence and how it relates to the question.
HLSC122 Inquiry in health care Assessment Task 2 - SEARCHING for evidence
Assessment Format
This 800 word assignment is to be written and presented as an essay. Students are directed to the ACU
Study Guide: Skills for Success to identify components of an essay  Headings are permitted for this task and students are encouraged to use the following: introduction, search terms, sources of information, search process (including refinement of search), best evidence (relevance and credibility), conclusion, and references. Students should use APA style to cite all references within the body of their essay and in the references page. There is a chapter on the APA style in the text ACU Study Guide: Skills for Success.
Students are directed to use the table to show their search and refinement of the search, located in the text by Richardson-Tench, Taylor, Kermode and Roberts (2016, p. 47) within the body of the essay. This table should be labelled as per APA format guidelines, by placing a title for the table above where it is inserted into the body of the essay (Table 1. Search Process and Refinement).
Students are instructed to refer to the HLSC122 Inquiry in health care unit outline (pp. 14-15) and the marking rubric (pp. 16-17), as well as this guide when completing this assessment task.
Please select any one of the following scenarios, its accompanying PICO question and evidence as a basis for your assignment.
Scenario One
Alois, is a 23 year old primary school teacher. Alois is a keen football player and has a sustained suspected mid-shaft femoral fracture on the football field. You are considering whether a femoral traction splint is necessary to use in the management of Alois for transport to the local emergency department (ED).
Answerable question
In adults with a fractured femur is a femoral traction splint compared to no traction splint the most appropriate management of a patient requiring ambulance transfer to the ED.
Queensland Ambulance Service. (2016). Clinical Practice Procedures – Trauma/Femoral Traction Splint. Retrieved from

Scenario Two
Farah returned home from a hospital two days after giving birth to a baby boy, Rami. Rami, is now 2 weeks old and is a happy and healthy baby who is feeding well. Farah is receiving post-natal care from her general practitioner who talked to her at her last visit about immunization for Rami. Farah is aware that there is quite a lot of community debate about whether to immunize or not. Farah decides she needs to know more about the risks of immunization before she makes a final decision.
Answerable question
In infants, how does being immunized against pertussis, compared with not being immunized, effect morbidity and mortality?
Winter, K., Zipprich, J., Harriman, K., Murray, E. L., Gornbein, J., Hammer, S. J., Yeganeh, N., Adachi, K., &
Cherry, J. D. (2015). Risk factors associated with infant deaths from pertussis: a case-control study. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 61(7), 1099– 1106. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ472. Retrieved from http://cid.oxfordjournal
Scenario Three
Yani is a 31 year old arts student who suffers from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI). Usually Yani is prescribed a course of oral antibiotics for the treatment and prevention of her UTI. Yani has been reading on the internet about cranberry juice being used to prevent urinary tract infections and is now considering whether or not to include cranberry juice in her diet on a regular basis.
Answerable question
In adult females who suffer frequent urinary tract infections is cranberry juice compared to antibiotics more effective in preventing urinary tract infection?
Jepson, R. G., Williams, G., & Craig, J. C. (2012). Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD001321. doi:
10.1002/14651858.CD001321.pub5. Retrieved from