Unit 2 Principles of Health and Social Care Practice



Unit 2:
Principles of Health and Social


Care Practice

Unit code:
Y/601/1566

QCF level:
5


Credit value:
15






Aim

The aim of this unit is to develop understanding of the values, theories and policies underpinning health and social care practice and the mechanisms that exist to promote good practice.

Unit abstract

This unit develops understanding of the values and principles that underpin the practice of all those who work in health and social care. Learners will consider theories and policies that underpin health and social care practice and explore formal and informal mechanisms required to promote good practice by individuals in the workforce, including strategies that can influence the performance of others.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1       Understand how principles of support are implemented in health and social care practice

2       Understand the impact of policy, legislation, regulation, codes of practice and standards on organisation policy and practice

3       Understand the theories that underpin health and social care practice
















BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care –
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UNIT 2: PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE PRACTICE





Unit content



1      Understand how principles of support are implemented in health and social care practice

Principles of support: respecting individuality, rights, choice, privacy, independence, dignity, respect and partnership; equal opportunities; respecting diversity, different cultures and values; providing care, support and attention, eg for individuals, family, friends, carers, groups and communities

Confidentiality: importance of, limits of, policies about sharing information

Person-centred approach: supporting preferences, wishes and needs; supporting privacy and dignity; supporting others to make informed choices about the services they receive


2      Understand the impact of policy, legislation, regulation, codes of practice and standards on organisation policy and practice

Current policy: as relevant eg Every Child Matters, Rights to Action, Quality Protects, Children First; current policy guidance eg Procurement, working together to safeguard children: a guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, Valuing People, Fulfilling the Promises

Current legislation: as relevant eg the Care Standards Act, 2000

Current regulations: as relevant eg Care Homes Regulations, 2001, The Care Homes (Wales) Regulations 2002

Current codes of practice: as relevant eg Code of Practice for Social Care Workers and Code of Practice for Employers of Social Care Workers, The Code: standards of conduct, performance and ethics for nurses and midwives

Impact of initiatives: changes to practice, development needs


3      Understand the theories that underpin health and social care practice

Explanations for the characteristics and circumstances of individuals: theories of human growth and development; managing loss and change; managing stress and behaviour

Social processes: leading to marginalisation, isolation and exclusion eg poverty, unemployment, poor health, disablement, lack of education and other sources of disadvantage; their impact on the demand for health and social care services

Nature of health and social care services in a diverse society: concepts eg prejudice, inter-personal, institutional and structural discrimination,empowerment and anti-discriminatory practices

Inter-professional working: significance of partnership working eg social care, education, housing, health, income maintenance and criminal justice services







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BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care

– Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 2: PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE PRACTICE



4      Be able to contribute to the development and implementation of health and social care organisational policy

Considerations: supervision, roles and accountability; quality assurance systems; maintaining and upgrading knowledge and skills; support networks and professional registration; working with the regulators

































































BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care –
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Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 2: PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE PRACTICE





Learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass


On successful completion of
The learner can:


this unit a learner will:










LO1 Understand how principles

1.1
explain how principles of support are applied to ensure


of support are implemented


that individuals are cared for in health and social care


in health and social care


practice


practice

1.2
outline the procedure for protecting clients, patients,









and colleagues from harm




1.3
analyse the benefit of following a person-centred





approach with users of health and social care services




1.4
explain ethical dilemmas and conflict that may arise





when providing care, support and protection to users of





health and social care services








LO2 Understand the impact of

2.1
explain the implementation of policies, legislation,


policy, legislation, regulation,


regulations and codes of practice that are relevant to


codes of practice and


own work in health and social care


standards on organisation

2.2
explain how local policies and procedures can be


policy and practice





developed in accordance with national and policy










requirements




2.3
evaluate the impact of policy, legislation, regulation, and





codes of practice on organisational policy and practice







LO3 Understand the theories that

3.1
explain the theories that underpin health and social care


underpin health and social


practice


care practice

3.2
analyse how social processes impact on users of health









and social care services




3.3
evaluate the effectiveness of inter-professional working







LO4 Be able to contribute to the

4.1
explain own role, responsibilities, accountabilities and


development and


duties in the context of working with those within and


implementation of health


outside the health and social care workplace


and social care

4.2
evaluate own contribution to the development and


organisational policy.





implementation of health and social care organisational










policy




4.3
make recommendations to develop own contributions





to meeting good practice requirements.




















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BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care

– Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 2: PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE PRACTICE



Guidance



Links

This unit links with and underpins many of the units directly connected with practice and with managing activities, in particular:

       Unit 1: Communicating in Health and Social Care Organisations

       Unit 9: Empowering Users of Health and Social Care Services

       Unit 10: Safeguarding in Health and Social Care

       Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care

       Unit 17: Community Development Work

       Unit 21: Supporting Significant Life Events

       Unit 22: Developing Counselling Skills for Health and Social Care

       Unit 28: Work-based Experience.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Leadership and Management for Care Services. See Annexe C for mapping.

Essential requirements

Tutors must be appropriately qualified and experienced in the health and social care sector to cover the principles and management aspect of this unit.

Learners must be given time to develop their workplace experience, knowledge and understanding before assessment of this unit. They will be expected to present evidence based substantially on their work in health and social care.

Case study material is essential, and can be provided by the tutor or based on learners’ work situations.

Employer engagement and vocational contexts

A letter to employers which briefly outlines the learning outcomes of this unit may be helpful to support the learner’s workplace learning needs.

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