Unit 18 Complementary Therapies



Unit 18:
Complementary Therapies

Unit code:
H/601/1635

QCF level:
5


Credit value:
15






Aim

The aim of this unit is to develop learners’ understanding of the role of complementary therapies in health and social care and their effectiveness in maintaining health and wellbeing.

Unit abstract

The aim of this unit is to provide an understanding of the delivery and usage of a range of complementary therapies and in particular to compare this to conventional medicine. Learners will consider the principles behind complementary therapies commonly used in health and social care and will assess the advantages and disadvantages associated with their use.

Learners will analyse the evidence for their benefits to health and wellbeing as well as identify contraindications and health and safety issues in relation to their use. They will also evaluate the effectiveness of regulations in place for different therapies and their practitioners.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1       Understand the principles behind complementary therapies and their current usage

2       Understand the role of complementary therapies in relation to orthodox treatments

3       Be able to analyse evidence for the efficacy of complementary therapies in sustaining health and wellbeing

4       Be able to carry out an evaluation of the systems for regulating the use of complementary therapies.






















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UNIT 18: COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES





Unit content



1      Understand the principles behind complementary therapies and their current usage

Therapies: pharmaceutically mediated eg herbalism, homeopathy; physically mediated eg osteopathy, chiropractic yoga, Alexander Technique; psychologically mediated eg counselling, psychotherapy, hypnotherapy

Treatments: signs and symptoms; processes; frequency; dosage; equipment; materials; agents

Advantages and disadvantages: benefits claimed eg enhancing health, wellbeing; contraindications, intrinsic harm

Access: physical access, financial, referral systems, cultural factors, private sector, public sector

2      Understand the role of complementary therapies in relation to orthodox treatments

Musculo-skeletal: bones, joints, muscles, mobility, pain

Metabolic: digestive and eliminatory processes, dermatological, endocrine functions, immune function, reproductive function

Cardio-respiratory: pulmonary functioning, cardiovascular functioning

Psychological effects: mental health eg stress, depression; learning difficulties eg Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), autism

Attitudes: preferred therapies, barriers to use, value

Contraindications: comparison between orthodox treatment and complementary therapy treatments

3      Be able to analyse evidence for the efficacy of complementary therapies in sustaining health and wellbeing

Sources of information: therapy practitioners, health professionals, commercial sources, science, systematic research

Claims: benefits eg cure, amelioration, prevention of signs and symptoms, enhancement of wellbeing

4      Be able to carry out an evaluation of the systems for regulating the use of complementary therapies

Regulation systems: legislation, code of practice, code of ethics, self regulation, complementary therapy practitioner representative umbrella organisations

Effectiveness: minimising risk, benefits, professionalism, developing public understanding, working with orthodox therapies, emerging trends





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BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care

– Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 18: COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES





Learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass


On successful completion of
The learner can:


this unit a learner will:










LO1 Understand the principles

1.1
explain treatment processes for widely available


behind complementary


complementary therapies


therapies and their current

1.2
assess the advantages and disadvantages of the


usage





complementary therapies









1.3
analyse factors influencing access to complementary





therapies, both locally and nationwide








LO2 Understand the role of

2.1
analyse the role of complementary therapies in relation


complementary therapies in


to orthodox treatments in the care of musculo-skeletal,


relation to orthodox


metabolic and cardio-respiratory needs


treatments

2.2
evaluate attitudes towards complementary therapies








2.3
assess the psychological effects of complementary





therapies




2.4
compare the contra-indications between orthodox and





complementary therapies







LO3 Be able to analyse evidence

3.1
carry out an analysis of the reliability and validity of


for the efficacy of


information sources on complementary therapies


complementary therapies in

3.2
evaluate evidence which claims the benefits of


sustaining health and





complementary therapies


wellbeing











3.3
make recommendations based on the evidence





gathered for the use of complementary therapies within





a specific group of users of health and social care





services







LO4 Be able to carry out an

4.1
evaluate the effectiveness of current regulation systems


evaluation of the systems for


for the use of complementary therapies


regulating the use of

4.2
make recommendations, supported by evidence, for


complementary therapies.





improving regulatory systems for the use of










complementary therapies.


























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UNIT 18: COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES





Guidance



Links

This unit has links with, for example:

       Unit 9: Empowering Users of Health and Social Care Services

       Unit 12: Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care

       Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.

There may also be links to relevant occupational standards for the practice of complementary therapies.

Essential requirements

It is essential that learners have a good understanding of human physiology and a short overview of this would be useful basis in delivering this unit. Learners also require a basic understanding of treatment and care processes in orthodox medicine.

Learners will need to access a research facility with relevant academic and professional literature which provides information on health care professionals and complementary therapies.

Employer engagement and vocational contexts

This unit would benefit from input from health or care professionals with experience in the use of complementary therapy in health care. Contributions from experienced complementary therapy practitioners would be a further advantage for the learner.





















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