Unit 17: Community Development Work



Unit 17:
Community Development Work

Unit code:
L/601/1631

QCF level:
4


Credit value:
15






Aim

The aim of this unit is to enable learners to understand the complex nature of community development work and the role a community development worker has in facilitating community initiatives.


Unit abstract

Successful community development work requires skilful facilitation and those involved need a wide range of knowledge and skills in order to empower communities to engage in development work. They also need to understand how to encourage communities to identify their needs and initiate action.

In this unit learners will examine the complex nature of communities and community development work. First, they will examine diversity within communities and the strengths and potential problems that can arise in different communities. Second, they will consider the knowledge and skills that community development workers require in order to successfully engage with communities. They will explore the processes involved in both initiating and sustaining community development work and the skills required for project management. Finally, they will look at possible outcomes of development work within communities, potential barriers and strategies for improvement. Learners will investigate a range of community development work within a variety of diverse communities. Strategies for empowering communities will be analysed along with relevant legislation and agreed ways of working.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1       Understand the complex nature of communities and community development

2       Understand the role and responsibilities of the community development worker in facilitating community initiatives

3       Understand the impact of community development work on communities.














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UNIT 17: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT WORK





Unit content



1      Understand the complex nature of communities and community development

Communities: different communities eg children and young people, women, elderly, people with disabilities, people from ethnic minorities, travellers, prisoners, hospital patients, care residents, unemployed, homeless, rurally isolated, council estate tenants

Community development: projects and initiatives related to eg health, education, leisure, culture, crime prevention, care services, health and safety, fundraising, regeneration

Diversity: religion; culture; sexual orientation; gender; age; disability; socio-economic status; demographics; environment; housing; lifestyle

Strengths and support systems: individual, group and organisational; nuclear and extended family groups; self-help groups and networks; neighbourhood support; voluntary organisations; community forums; tenants associations

Potential problems: discrimination; marginalisation; social exclusion; alternative values and beliefs; crime; vandalism; safety; lack of communal facilities for eg sport, leisure, social networking


2      Understand the role and responsibilities of the community development worker in facilitating community initiatives

Knowledge and skills: communication; collaboration; negotiation; networking; partnership working; development of resources; funding strategies; accountability and control of financial resources; publicity, marketing and media networks; use of ICT; identifying problems; developing creative solutions; teamwork; political awareness; knowledge of local community support systems; knowledge of relevant legislation and agreed ways of working

Empowering communities: identification and agreement of community needs; inclusion; participation; partnership working; interaction with individuals, groups and agencies eg government, voluntary, charitable, community forums, tenants associations; development of learning opportunities for individuals and groups; conflict resolution; collective action

Initiating and sustaining community development work: defining project work, establishing aims and objectives for projects; information gathering and research eg survey, questionnaire, observation, interview, data collection, sampling, analysis; strategic planning; development and maintenance of resources: fundraising strategies and methods; planning community action; target setting; project planning and management; monitoring systems; quality assurance


















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UNIT 17: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT WORK



3      Understand the impact of community development work on communities

Long- and short-term impact: positive impacts eg changing attitudes and perceptions, continuing motivation, improved relationships, empowerment, improved facilities and life chances; negative impacts eg marginalisation, dependency, imbalance of power relationships, sustainability problems

Potential barriers: lack of funding; apathy; lack of physical resources; breakdown in communication; different priorities; opposing factions; demotivation

Reflect on improvements: management and monitoring of community projects; gathering and assessing feedback; measuring outcomes; democratic accountability; training needs; development of resources; planning for improvements; sustainability; accessing community networks; stakeholder analysis; acknowledging and celebrating achievement; marketing and publicity; reflective practice























































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Learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass


On successful completion of
The learner can:


this unit a learner will:










LO1 Understand the complex

1.1
analyse definitions of community and community


nature of communities and


development in order to understand their complex


community development


nature




1.2
explain the nature of diversity in communities




1.3
analyse strengths, support systems and potential





problems in communities








LO2 Understand the role and

2.1
analyse the knowledge and skills necessary to facilitate


responsibilities of the


community initiatives


community development

2.2
analyse the role of the community development worker


worker in facilitating





in empowering communities to identify their own needs


community initiatives











2.3
review processes involved in initiating and sustaining





community development work







LO3 Understand the impact of

3.1
analyse the potential short-term and long-term impact


community development


of development within communities


work on communities.

3.2
analyse the potential barriers to successful community









development activity




3.3
evaluate strategies to improve the impact of





development work in communities.








































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UNIT 17: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT WORK



Guidance



Links

This unit has links with, for example:

       Unit 5: Working in Partnership in Health and Social Care

       Unit 6: Research Project

       Unit 8: The Sociological Context of Health and Social Care

       Unit 19: Contemporary Issues in Health and Social Care

       Unit 24: Understanding the Learning Process.

Links occur with the following units from the National Occupational Standards in Community Development:

       S6: Get to know a community

       S9: Support inclusive and collective working through community development practice

       S17: Promote and develop opportunities of learning from community development practice.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Leadership and Management for Care Services. See Annexe C for mapping.

Essential requirements

Learners will need access to specialist texts and journals of the community and voluntary sector.


It is essential that learners have the opportunity to have a placement in or a visit to a community-based agency.

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