Unit 16 Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care



Unit 16:
Understanding Specific Needs in


Health and Social Care

Unit code:
M/601/1623

QCF level:
5


Credit value:
15






Aim

The aim of this unit is to enable learners to gain insight into the ways that health and social care services empower users with specific needs to access the services they need easily.

Unit abstract

Because meeting the diverse demands of individuals with specific requirements is integral to the work of our health and social care services, learners considering a career in these fields will need to know the ways that services respond to these demands. Learners will find out how a specific need is defined and how perceptions of individuals with such needs are influenced and can change over time. The care requirements of individuals with specific needs will be investigated, together with the way in which legislation, organisations and services support such needs. Learners will have the opportunity to develop understanding of the impact the approaches and interventions have on individuals (particularly those who display challenging behaviour) and how, in turn, their needs affect the ways that services are provided. Whilst learners will be able to develop an overview of the range of specific needs, they may focus their study on those special needs relevant to their employment, voluntary work or placement.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1       Understand perceptions of health, disability, illness and behaviour

2       Understand how health and social care services and systems support individuals with specific needs

3       Understand approaches and intervention strategies that support individuals with specific needs

4       Understand strategies for coping with challenging behaviours associated with specific needs.













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UNIT 16: UNDERSTANDING SPECIFIC NEEDS IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE





Unit content



1      Understand perceptions of health, disability, illness and behaviour

Concepts: normality, images, models, definitions, language and terminology Perceptions: labels, stigma, discrimination, oppression, rights

Attitudes over time: historical perspectives, social and political developments, medical and technological advances

Legislation and social policy: reflects changes in attitude, modifies attitudes and practices, inclusion, policies, community care initiatives; recent and emerging change; relevant acts eg Human Rights Act 1998, Carers (Equal Opportunities) Act 2004, Disability Discrimination Act 2005, The Mental Health Act 2007, The Health and Social Care Act 2008, The Children Act 2004: Every Child Matters; relevant policies eg Putting People First 2007, Our Health, Our Care, Our Say 2006


2      Understand how health and social care services and systems support individuals with specific needs

Care needs: physical, social, emotional, language, intellectual, sexual, spiritual

Organisations and systems: statutory, not-for-profit, voluntary; self-help, formal, informal care

Services: health, social care; day, residential; education, recreation, transport; access eg geographical, physical, financial

3      Understand approaches and intervention strategies that support individuals with specific needs

Approaches and interventions: self-help, direct action, partnerships, evidence-based practice, advocacy, guardianship, autonomy and empowerment, risk management; medical, technological, therapeutic products, lifestyle choices and therapies

Potential tensions: rights versus protection of self and others; alleviation of needs versus remedial therapy; risk versus autonomy and independence; choices and preferences; service dilemmas and policies eg cost benefit analyses, priorities

Emerging developments: medical and technological advances, changes to legislation and policy, local, national and international perspectives

4      Understand strategies for coping with challenging behaviours associated with specific needs

Challenging behaviours: learning disabilities, physical disabilities, ill health (physical and mental), physical impairment, acquired brain injury, drugs and alcohol

Methods of working: communication, setting clear boundaries/targets, time out, rewards and sanctions, medication

Organisational implications: legal framework, professional standards, codes of practice, policies and procedures




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BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care

– Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 16: UNDERSTANDING SPECIFIC NEEDS IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE





Learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass


On successful completion of
The learner can:


this unit a learner will:










LO1 Understand perceptions of

1.1
analyse concepts of health, disability, illness and


health, disability, illness and


behaviour in relation to users of health and social care


behaviour


services




1.2
assess how perceptions of specific needs have changed





over time




1.3
analyse the impact of legislation, social policy, society





and culture on the ways that services are made





available for individuals with specific needs








LO2 Understand how health and

2.1
analyse the care needs of individuals with specific needs


social care services and

2.2
explain current systems for supporting individuals with


systems support individuals





specific needs


with specific needs











2.3
evaluate the services available in a chosen locality for





individuals with specific needs







LO3 Understand approaches and

3.1
explain the approaches and interventions available to


intervention strategies that


support individuals with specific needs


support individuals with

3.2
evaluate the effectiveness of intervention strategies for


specific needs





an individual with specific need(s)









3.3
discuss the potential impact of emerging developments





on support for individuals with specific needs







LO4 Understand strategies for

4.1
explain different concepts of challenging behaviour


coping with challenging

4.2
describe the potential impact of challenging behaviour


behaviours associated with





on health and social care organisations


specific needs.











4.3
analyse strategies for working with challenging





behaviours associated with specific needs.






























BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care –
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Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 16: UNDERSTANDING SPECIFIC NEEDS IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE





Guidance



Links

This unit has links with, for example:

       Unit 1: Communicating in Health and Social Care Organisations

       Unit 10: Safeguarding in Health and Social Care

       Unit 21: Supporting Significant Life Events.

Links may be drawn to National Occupational Standards in Mental Health though it is stressed that the unit is not intended to contain all underpinning knowledge.

       MH2: Enable people with mental health needs to access and benefit from services/systems

       MH3: Work with service providers to support people with mental health needs in ways which promote their rights

       MH15: Refer individuals to mental health and/or other services

       MH19: Coordinate, monitor and review service responses to meet individuals’ needs and circumstances

       MH24: Implement, monitor and evaluate therapeutic interventions within an overall care programme.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Leadership and Management for Care Services. See Annexe C for mapping.

Essential requirements

Learners will need to observe the sorts of provision that are available to people with specific needs to help them understand the impact such provision on the lives of users of services.

Employer engagement and vocational contexts

Learners could benefit from work experience/placements with people with specific needs. These could be in schools and colleges, in residential homes, hospitals or other suitable contexts.

Websites that support the development of this unit include those of relevant organisations and relevant government departments. The following may be useful but the list is not exhaustive:

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