Unit 11 The Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care



Unit 11:
The Role of Public Health in Health


and Social Care

Unit code:
H/601/1604

QCF level:
4


Credit value:
15






Aim

The aim of this unit is to raise learners’ awareness of factors influencing public health and the different approaches taken to reduce incidence of disease and illness in communities.


Unit abstract

The unit requires learners to investigate the roles of different agencies working within communities to reduce the incidence of disease and illness. They will investigate infectious and non-infectious diseases that are widespread in their own country and analyse the effectiveness of strategies that are in place to control the incidence of disease. Regional, national and international perspectives and priorities will be considered. This will be followed by investigating the health and social care provision that is available and then analysing factors that influence the wellbeing of individuals within a care setting.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1       Understand different approaches and strategies used to measure, monitor and control the incidence of disease in communities

2       Be able to investigate the implications of illness and disease in communities for the provision of health and social care services

3       Understand the factors influencing the health and wellbeing of individuals in health or social care settings.




















BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care –
49

Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 11: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE





Unit content



1      Understand different approaches and strategies used to measure, monitor and control the incidence of disease in communities

Roles of different agencies: local, national, international agencies eg local authorities, health trusts, government, European Union, World Health Organization, voluntary organisations

Epidemiology: incidence (geographical distribution, incidence rates, trends); vulnerable groups; causes; spread and controls

Infectious disease: one of eg influenza, food/water borne infections, HIV/AIDS, a childhood illness, tuberculosis, MRSA

Non-infectious disease: one of eg malignant disease, cardiovascular diseases obesity, asthma Statistical data: graphical, numerical, tabular; probabilities, incidence rates, trends

Approaches and strategies: surveillance, screening, immunisation, education, legislation, social welfare, environmental controls

2      Be able to investigate the implications of illness and disease in communities for the provision of health and social care services

Priorities and approaches: prevention, treatment, palliative care, remedial care

Relationship: planning, facilities, expertise, partnership working, funding, individual versus public good

Lifestyle choices: diet, exercise, substance use, work culture, relaxation


3      Understand the factors influencing health and wellbeing of individuals in health or social care settings

Priorities: factors eg safety and security, mobility, diet, hygiene, intellectual, social, emotional needs

Strategies, systems and policies: organisation of service provision, quality of provision, choices, complaints policies, partnerships, involvement of friends and family

Activity to encourage behaviour change: education, physical exercise, games, consultation exercises (eg focus group), input from specialists




















50
BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care

– Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 11: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE





Learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass


On successful completion of
The learner can:


this unit a learner will:










LO1 Understand different

1.1
explain the roles of different agencies in identifying


approaches and strategies


levels of health and disease in communities


used to measure, monitor

1.2
explain, using statistical data, the epidemiology of one


and control the incidence of





infectious and one non-infectious disease that is


disease in communities






widespread in their own country









1.3
evaluate the effectiveness of different approaches and





strategies to control the incidence of disease in





communities








LO2 Be able to investigate the

2.1
use relevant research to determine current priorities


implications of illness and


and approaches to the provision of services for people


disease in communities for


with disease or illness


the provision of health and

2.2
explain the relationship between the prevalence of


social care services





disease and requirements of services to support










individuals within the health and social care service





provision




2.3
analyse the impact of current lifestyle choices on future





needs for health and social care services







LO3 Understand the factors

3.1
assess the health and wellbeing priorities for individuals


influencing health and


in a particular health or social care setting


wellbeing of individuals in

3.2
evaluate the effectiveness of strategies, systems and


health or social care settings.





policies in a health or social care setting









3.3
discuss changes that could be made to improve the





health and wellbeing of individuals in a health or social





care setting




3.4
evaluate an activity that has been implemented to





encourage behaviour change for maximising health for





individuals in a health or social care setting.



























BH023333 – Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals specification in Health and Social Care –
51

Issue 1 – May 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010





UNIT 11: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE





Links

This unit has links with, for example:

       Unit 15: Psychology for Health and Social Care

       Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care

       Unit 18: Complementary Therapies

       Unit 19: Contemporary Issues in Health and Social Care

       Unit 23: Employability Skills

       Unit 28: Work-based Experience.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.

Essential requirements

This unit will require input from health-related professionals with understanding and experience of health promotion, epidemiology and related work.

Employer engagement and vocational contexts

Input from specialists in public and environmental health would be beneficial. Access to local health plans and records would be useful as well as access to national and international statistics on the incidence of diseases and disorders.

Learners could also have access to work experience which would enhance their experience and access to information required for this unit.





Comments