UNIT CODE: PRBA007 UNIT NAME: ACCOUNTING FOR MANAGERS



UNIT CODE: PRBA007

UNIT NAME: ACCOUNTING FOR MANAGERS

Assignment Two Information





























































School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 1 of Faculty of Law Business and Art


Semester 2 2015
Assessment 40%


























































PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155


SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS.

Due Date

This assignment may be submitted at or before 12 midnight on Sunday of Study Week 13 (25 October 2015).

Lodgement

   The Assignment must include a coversheet that shows the student full name, student number, campus, and lecturer’s name. Do not use the standard CDU Assignment Cover Sheet templates.

  Assignment must be lodged online via the PRBA007 Learnline Assignment Lodgement link on the CDU PRBA007 Learnline site .

   Ensure your file is named using a file naming convention that allows the lecturer to identify to whom it belongs. Failure to use an acceptable file naming convention may result in your assignment lodgement being rejected.

  DO NOT LODGE VIA EMAILor FAX - assignments lodged by email or fax will not be accepted.

  KEEP A COPY - Ensure you have a copy of the assignment lodged. If you have submitted assessment work electronically please make sure you have a backup copy.

  It is the students’ responsibility to ensure that submission of the assignment is successful.
Format

The assignment may be completed manually, or with the use of an electronic spreadsheet, word processing software or with the use of accounting software. Marks may be deducted for illegible or partially illegible papers.

     Assignments (or parts thereof) prepared using MS Word can be lodged in MS Word 2003, MS Word 2007, or MS Word 2010 format.

     Assignments (or parts thereof) prepared using MS Excel can be lodgement MS Excel 2003, MS Excel 2007, or MS Excel 2010 format.

     Assignments (or parts thereof) prepared using any format other than indicated above (eg manually, wordprocessing software or accounting software etc) must be provided in PDF format.

Documents prepared in formats other than indicated above will not be accepted.

You may prepare different parts of your assignment in different (approved) formats and lodge each part as separate documents, provided you comply with the format requirements shown above.

University Plagiarism policy

Plagiarism is the unacknowledged use of material written or produced by others or a rework of your own material. All sources of information and ideas used in assignments must be referenced. This applies whether the information is from a book, journal article, the internet, or a previous essay you wrote or the assignment of a friend. For more details please refer to PRBA007 Learnline site.











































School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 2 of Faculty of Law Business and Art












































PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155


Preparation guidelines


Assignment preparation and presentation guidelines, instructions on lodgement of the assignment, are provided with and/or separately to this document and are available on the PRBA007 CDU Learnline site.

Students are required to comply with these requirements.

FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE REQUIREMENTS WILL RESULT IN YOUR ASSIGNMENT BEING REJECTED WITH SUBSEQUENT LOSS OF MARKS.

Late Assignments and Extensions

LATE ASSIGNMENTS WILL GENERALLY NOT BE ACCEPTED.

Exceptions will only be made where assignments are late due to special circumstances that are supported by documentary evidence, and may be subject to a penalty of 5% of assignment marks per day. Partially completed assignments will be accepted with appropriate loss of marks for the incomplete portion.

Should students foresee potential difficulties with submission of assessment items, they should contact the lecturer immediately the difficulties come to notice, to discuss suitable arrangements etc for the submission of those assessment times. An Application for Assignment Extension or Special Consideration should be completed and provided to the Head of School, School of Law and Business. This application form, explanation and instructions is available on the PRBA007 CDU Learnline course site.
Leaving a request for an extension, special assessment or special consideration until the last moment, based on grounds that students could have reasonably been able to foresee, may result in the application being rejected.

Summary of Assignment Related Documents

The following is a summary of documents associated with and/or provided for this Assignment.

                      The Assignment Requirements Document (this document)
                      Assignment Two Data in MS Excel format

                      Assessment Rubrics for each part

These documents are available from the PRBA007 CDU Learnline course site, in various document formats.








































School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 3 of

Faculty of Law Business and Arts                                                               PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155


REQUIREMENTS FOR ASSIGNMENT TWO:

There are four parts to this assignment.

The first part requires you to prepare a basic master budget. The general description is provided in Part A, in this document. However the data for the assignment is to be obtained from the associated assignment data file. This file is in MS Excel format and requires you to enter your student number to generate the assignment data. The data generated is unique to each student. The basic format and requirements of the assignment are the same for each student, however the different data sets will result in a substantially different solution for each student.

The data file for this assignment is available on the PRBA007 Learnline site in the same section from where you obtained this document.

The second part requires you to write a brief report on the Cost Structures identified in the budget prepared for Part A and in the data provided in the data file for this assignment. The answer for this part will not be affected by the accuracy or otherwise of your answer to Part A. The appropriateness (or otherwise) of this report will be based on the analysis you undertake using the data you produce in Part A and the additional calculations you provide for this part.

The third part also requires you to write a brief report on the Budgeted versus Actual Outcomes using the budget prepared for part A and the additional data provided in the data file for this assignment. The answer for this part will not be affected by the accuracy or otherwise of your answer to Part A. The appropriateness (or otherwise) of this report will be based on the analysis you undertake using the data you produce in Part A and the additional calculations you provide for this part.

The fourth part requires you to research a behavioural and communication issue related to budgeting and performance evaluation. You are required to refer to the outcomes of Part C to illustrate your essay/report. Details of the issue are provided in Part D. You are to write a short essay or report, appropriately referenced. A short concise answer is all that is required.




















































School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 4 of



PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155


Part A - Prepare a Master Budget (30% of the assignment assessment marks)

All that is required for this part is the Budget Schedules. They can be provided in MS Word, MS Excel or PDF format.(Word count for this part is not relevant)

Wittgenstein Pty Ltd produces propellers used in the production of wind-powered electricity generating equipment. The propellers are sold to various engineering companies that produce wind generators in Australia and Europe.

  Projected sales in units for the coming four months are provided in the assignment data sheet.

The following data pertain to production policies and manufacturing specifications followed by Wittgenstein Pty Ltd. The following details are provided in the assignment data sheet

     Finished goods inventory on January 1.
     The full absorption cost of the opening finished goods inventory.

     The variable manufacturing cost of the opening finished goods inventory.
     The desired finished goods ending inventory for each month.
     The data on materials used.

     The amount of materials to be on hand at the beginning of the month

     This stipulated amount of materials to be on hand at the beginning of the month is exactly the amount of material on hand on January 1. (Assume that the material costs are the same as current quarter's production.)

     The direct labour used per unit of output.
     The average direct labour cost per hour.

Details of the Overheads for each month are provided in the data list. The Overheads are estimated using a flexible budget formula. (Activity is measured in direct labour hours.) You will have to determine the Maintenance cost and relevant statistical data necessary for you to do so is provided in the data List

Monthly selling and administrative overhead expenses are also estimated using a flexible budgeting formula. (Activity is measured in units sold.) Finance charges and bad debts are included in the figures provided and do not need to be identified separately in the selling and administrative overhead expenses. Details are provided in the data list.

Other information provided the assignment data list are:

     The unit selling price of the propeller.
     The cost of land to be purchased in February.  The company plans to purchase the land for future expansion.

     The value and timing of dividends paid to shareholders.

     Sales are on credit and the cash receipts pattern for each month is provided, as is the level of Accounts Receivable as at January 1.

     The payment for labour and purchases of materials and other costs are for cash and paid for in the month of acquisition. There is no Accounts Payable amount for this assignment.
     The cash balance on January 1.

If the firm develops a cash shortage by the end of the month, sufficient cash is borrowed to cover the shortage (including any interest payments due). Any cash borrowed is repaid one month later, as is the interest due. The annual interest rate is provided with the assignment data.

Required:
Prepare an operating budget for the first quarter (showing each month and totals for the quarter) with the following schedules:

a.  Sales budget
b.  Production budget
c.   Direct materials purchases budget
d.  Direct labour budget

e.   Manufacturing Overhead budget
f.   Ending finished goods inventory budget
g.  Cost of goods sold budget

h.  Budgeted income statement (ignore income taxes and GST)
i.    Cash budget

Note that whilst the Selling and Administration expenses must be included, there is no requirement to provide a Selling and Administration Expense budget schedule.





















School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 5 of



PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155


Part B - Report on the impact of Cost Structures (20% of the assignment assessment marks)

You are required to provide a report of approx 500 words or less (excluding attachments and references), accompanied by relevant calculations, in MS Word, MS Excel and/or PDF format (or combination). Using a Report style is recommended but not compulsory.

Rita Arthurs, the sales manager is discussing the possible outcome of the forthcoming election with Paulo Farmer, the production manager. She noted that if one of the major political parties wins the election and forms government, there is a strong possibility that alternative energy sources such as wind-generated electricity may no longer be as actively supported by the new government as is the case under the current government. Rita’s primary concern is that the current market for alternative power generation equipment is already volatile and subject to significant uncertainty. Paulo is also concerned about his plans to build the new highly automated manufacturing facility on the land to be purchased in February. This new manufacturing facility will enable him to manufacture, in-house, the major two parts he is now purchasing for assembly and to significantly automate the assembly process that is currently somewhat labour intensive. His projections for the new facility indicate a reduction in direct material and direct labour costs of 25% but that his fixed manufacturing overheads are likely to increase by 50%due to the increased investment in production capacity.

Required:

Write a brief report addressing Rita’s concerns, using some of the concepts covered in chapters (15, 16, 17, 20, 22, 23) in this unit, AND the information provided from the completion of Part A of this assignment, and any additional calculations using the existing data that you feel are relevant. Your report should also include a discussion of the impact of Paulo’s intended investment in new manufacturing capacity. Support your report with relevant calculations.

Note that you should restrict your report to those concepts specifically covered in chapters 16, 17, 20 and more generally in chapters 22 and 23 , and not discuss the current political situation, environmental issues, or the marketing of alternate energy sources etc. or other interesting but otherwise irrelevant issues.

Part C - Report on the Budgeted versus Actual Outcomes (20% of the assignment assessment marks)

You are required to provide a report of approx 500 words or less (excluding attachments and references), accompanied by relevant calculations, in MS Word, MS Excel and/or PDF format (or combination). Using a Report style is recommended but not compulsory.

At the end of the budgeting period, Paulo Farmer, the production manager is reviewing the actual outcomes (in particular the direct materials and direct labour) and comparing these to the budget that was originally produced (in Part A).

The following data related to the actual results recorded after the end of the quarter by Wittgenstein Pty Ltd, and are provided in the assignment data sheet:

     Actual Sales Volume for the quarter.
     The actual volume of direct materials used during the quarter (for each part).

     The actual cost of the direct materials used during the quarter (for each part).
     The actual direct labour hours used during the quarter.
     The actual cost of direct labour used during the quarter.

Paulo is confused by the outcomes. He is aware that the budget that was created before the start of the quarter was a well considered and constructed estimate, and he did not expect that the actual outcomes would be exactly as forecast. However he is finding it difficult to understand the reasons for the differences.

Required:

Prepare a brief report to assist Paulo determine what might have caused the differences between the original budget and the final actual outcomes. Speculations of the causes are sufficient, provided they are supported by relevant calculations taken from the data provided, and the budget produced in Part A,. These calculations should be included in, and referred to, in your report. Restrict your discussion to the changes related to direct materials and direct labour. As Paulo is aware that budget estimates may be inaccurate at the time of budget preparation, do not include this particular cause of difference in your report.





























School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 6 of

Faculty of Law Business and Arts                                                               PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155


Part D - Discussion on Participative Budgeting (20% of the assignment assessment marks)

You are required to provide an essay or report of approx 500 words or less (excluding attachments and references), accompanied by relevant calculations, in MS Word orPDF format. The style of your essay or report is not important provided your ideas, arguments and/or

recommendations etc are clear and understandable and properly referenced using a accepted reference technique3

An effective budget converts the goals and objectives of an organization into data. The budget serves as a blueprint for management's plans. The budget is also the basis for control. Management performance can be evaluated by comparing actual results with the budget.

Thus, creating the budget is essential for the successful operation of an organization.

Finding the resources to implement the budget - that is, moving from a starting point to the ultimate goal - requires the extensive use of human resources. How managers perceive their roles in the process of budgeting is important to the successful use of the budget as an effective tool for planning, communicating, and controlling.

Required:
Discuss the behavioural implications of planning and control when a company's management employs:

i.                     An imposed budgetary approach

ii.                    A participative budgetary approach

Illustrate your discussion with reference to your report to Paulo Farmer in Part C, discussing how Paulo might respond to the various outcomes of Part C if the budget had been imposed and contrast that with how he might respond (if differently) had the budget been prepared using a participative budgetary approach.

Assignment Preparation and Presentation (10% of the assignment assessment marks)

You are required to present and lodge your assignment in a manner that complies with the requirements set out in the Assignment Details and on Learnline. Requirements would include such elements as layout, grammar, referencing, and various lodgement details. Reports should be easy to read and understand, demonstrating good writing skills.

A word limit has been suggested4 for parts B, C and D The suggested length is provided so that you can gauge the extent of the work required. Marks will not be deducted if you exceed the recommended length, however essays that significantly exceed the recommended length will not be given any additional marks. A concise clear answer will attract more marks than a long rambling one.



































3Any generally accepted referencing technique is acceptable however it should be used consistently throughout your paper

4The length of assignment is an indication of the depth of analysis that is required. It does not include appendices or calculations. The length of the assignment is provided only a guide and need not be adhered to exactly. The intention is that students demonstrate that sufficient analysis is undertaken, without excessive workload.

School of Law and Business
Semester 2, 2011 Page 7 of


Faculty of Law Business and Arts                                                               PRBA007-assignment2-sem0220155

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