Unit 2: Principles of Health and Social Care Practice

Unit 2: Principles of Health and Social Care Practice

Aim

The aim of this unit is to develop understanding of the values, theories and policies underpinning health and social care practice and the mechanisms that exist to promote good practice.

Unit abstract

This unit develops understanding of the values and principles that underpin the practice of all those who work in health and social care. Learners will consider theories and policies that underpin health and social care practice and explore formal and informal mechanisms required to promote good practice by individuals in the workforce, including strategies that can influence the performance of others.
Unit content

1 Understand how principles of support are implemented in health and social care practice

Principles of support: respecting individuality, rights, choice, privacy, independence, dignity, respect and partnership; equal opportunities; respecting diversity, different cultures and values; providing care, support and attention, eg for individuals, family, friends, carers, groups and communities.
Confidentiality: importance of, limits of, policies about sharing information.

Person-centred approach: supporting preferences, wishes and needs; supporting privacy and dignity; supporting others to make informed choices about the services they receive.

Protection from risk of harm: assessing risk to self and others; right of individuals to take risks; informing relevant people about identified risk.
2 Understand the impact of policy, legislation, regulation, codes of practice and standards on organisation policy and practice

Current policy: as relevant eg Every Child Matters, Rights to Action, Quality Protects, Children

First; current policy guidance eg Procurement, working together to safeguard children: a guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, Valuing People, Fulfilling the Promises.
Current legislation: as relevant eg the Care Standards Act, 2000

Current regulations: as relevant eg Care Homes Regulations, 2001, The Care Homes (Wales) Regulations 200

12  HND in Health and Social Care – Course Handbook 2012/2013


Current codes of practice: as relevant eg Code of Practice for Social Care Workers and Code of Practice for Employers of Social Care Workers, The Code: standards of conduct, performance and ethics for nurses and midwives

Impact of initiatives: changes to practice, development needs

3 Understand the theories that underpin health and social care practice

Explanations for the characteristics and circumstances of individuals: theories of human growth and development; managing loss and change; managing stress and behaviour

Social processes: leading to marginalisation, isolation and exclusion eg poverty, unemployment, poor health, disablement, lack of education and other sources of disadvantage; their impact on the demand for health and social care services

Nature of health and social care services in a diverse society: concepts eg prejudice, interpersonal, institutional and structural discrimination, empowerment and anti-discriminatory practices

Inter-professional working: significance of partnership working eg social care, education, housing, health, income maintenance and criminal justice services

4 Be able to contribute to the development and implementation of health and social care organisational policy

Considerations: supervision, roles and accountability; quality assurance systems; maintaining and upgrading knowledge and skills; support networks and professional registration; working with the regulators


Learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning outcomes


Assessment criteria for pass









On successful completion of


The learner can:


this unit a learner will:














1.1 explain how principles of support are applied to ensure that


of support are implemented


individuals are cared for in health and social care practice


in health and social care


1.2 outline the procedure for protecting clients, patients, and colleagues


practice


from harm






1.3 analyse the benefit of following a person-centred approach with






users of health and social care services






1.4  explain  ethical  dilemmas  and  conflict  that  may  arise  when
















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HND in Health and Social Care – Course Handbook 2012/2013












providing care, support and protection to users of health and social care

services


LO2 Understand the impact of
2.1 explain the implementation of policies, legislation, regulations and
policy, legislation, regulation,
codes of practice that are relevant to own work in health and social
codes of practice and
care
standards on organisation
2.2 explain how local policies and procedures can be developed in
policy and practice
accordance with national and policy requirements

2.3 evaluate the impact of policy, legislation, regulation, and codes of

practice on organisational policy and practice


LO3 Understand the theories that
underpin health and social
3.2 analyse how social processes impact on users of health and social
care practice
care services

3.3 evaluate the effectiveness of inter-professional working


LO4 Be able to contribute to the
4.1 explain own role, responsibilities, accountabilities and duties in the
development and
context of working with those within and outside the health and social
implementation of health
care workplace
and  social  care  organisational
4.2 evaluate own contribution to the development and implementation
policy.
of health and social care organisational policy

4.3 make recommendations to develop own contributions to meeting

good practice requirements.




Links

This unit links with and underpins many of the units directly connected with practice and with managing activities, in particular:

  Unit 1: Communicating in Health and Social Care Organisations

  Unit 9: Empowering Users of Health and Social Care Services

  Unit 10: Safeguarding in Health and Social Care

  Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care

  Unit 17: Community Development Work
14  HND in Health and Social Care – Course Handbook 2012/2013



  Unit 21: Supporting Significant Life Events

  Unit 22: Developing Counselling Skills for Health and Social Care

  Unit 28: Work-based Experience.

This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Leadership and Management for Care Services. Please visit Edexcel website for further details.



In addition to our college library, students may find the following books useful for this unit:

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