Evaluate the Influence of Two Major Theories of Ageing on Health and Social Care Provision.
The influence of two major theories relating to health and social care provisions
This assignment will be evaluating how the two major theories of aging (disengament and activity theory) influence health and social care provisions.
As people age they can age in different ways, some people may be effected by their physical health and their oppurtin ities become restricted. because of this they socially withdraw and disengage themseleves becoming independent and in some case defined and an invidual.
Other older people may try and stop the disengament process form happening by remain mentally and socially actie even if their physical health starts to fail, this is so they prevent themselves from disengaging. By doing this they maintain some of their ego integreity and prevent and slow doen the disengament process.
Both these theories have influenced health and spocial care provisions to help older people maintain their emotions, intellectuality, socialisation and physicality for as long as possible so they do not withdraw and maintain a healthy level of social contact with others.
Disengagement theory is where older individuals socially withdraw themselves because of a reduction in their physical or mental health. this means their opportunities are very limited and any opportunities for them to socialise aren’t usually taken.
Disengagement theory influences health and social care provisions to provide more opportunities for older people to socialise even though they may have ill physical health.
Activity theory suggests that older people must try and keep them selves mentally and socially active in order to prevent disengagement from taking place.
This theory influences health and social care provisions to provide opportunities and resources to make sure that older people remain physically and mentally active
In order to prevent disengament theory and promote activity theory these service have been made available for older people when disengament theory poses a threat to an individuals ability to socialize:
NHS befriending service
The NHS befriending service provides befirenders for older adults in need of socialisation. The befriending service offers a befriender to the service user who is shares similar hobbies , interest and personalities (so they get along better),the befriender gives the service user someone to socialize with so they do not begin to socially disengage but instead develop and maintain a healthy intellectual and social relationship. The Befriending service can help service users who may have had low self esteem or confidence beforehand regain their confidence and self esteem and feel more comfortable in social environments. Befirenders stop individuals form becoming socially isolated by engaging in activites with them they have enjoyed in the past and currently, befrienders can also go on causal outings with the service user so that they stay mentally and socially active at all times.
Age uk offers many social services for older people , they do this to prevent socvcial withdrawl, disengagement and loniness in older adults. It promotes oppourtinites for older adults to stay socially active and mentally able. The groups will help older adults have positive emotions, developed intellectual skills, prevent social withdrawl or isolation and maintain good physical health.
A Friendship Centre is a group of active older people who meet on a regular basis for social activities which could include rambling, Tenpin Bowling, pub lunches, theatre visits, holidays and days out.
Friendship centers are centers where older people meet regually to socialize and participate in social activities. These social activites could be :
* Going to a café
* Resturant or pub lunches
* Going to the theatre
* Ball room Dancing clubs
* Arts and craft meetings- knitting club
* Caravan holidays
* Holidays abroad
* Beach trips
* Coach trips
* Days out
Special interest groups
Special interest groups are groups for older people that focus on a particular interest, this encourages socialization as all the older peole attending the group share similar interests and therefore have more to spcialoize about. These groups include :
* Wine appreciation clubs- where older adults do wine testing and experience different wines and flavours
* Writing clubs- where older adults hare their novels, poems or books amoung their peers and have disscussions about it
* Golf club- where older adults meet up on a secdual to participate In games of golf
* Book clubs- clubs where older adults talk about books they have read and share their thoughts and views
* Day trips – where a group of older people take a day trip to socialize and experience new things E.G going on a road trip to blackpool pier or brighton beach
Social centers offer activites for older people to participate, the activities give older people a chance to socialise with each other, this will w=resultin the reduction of all the older people in the group feeling socially wiothdrawn form others. Socail centers usually provide a lunch during open hours so older people get to sit doen with each other and socialize properly finding similarities and interests.
community clubs are clubs that run in the afternoons and offer socoailzing activites for older people in the community. This increases the chances of community cohesion and gives its members the chance to socialize and build new friendships. Community clubs may host events like a bingo night or a dancing club where people in the community get to do activites with each other. On the occasion community clubs may host group outings whoch increase social cohesion even more.
In conclusion the two theories of aging have influenced health and social care provisons by showing them what older adults tend to go through once they reach the older stages of their lives. To prevent disengament health and social care services have provided clubs and opportunities for people to socialize and remain mentally active