Bitec Tourisme

Bitec Tourisme

Travel and tourism component industries and their organisations
Types of tourism
* Domestic tourism :
People who are travelling within their own country
* In bound tourism :
Measures people coming in to visit a country which is not their country of residence
* Outbound tourism :
Residents travelling out of their own country example if you are from the Netherlands and you go to Spain on holiday .
* Types of tourist
* leisure : travel for holidays , cultural , events , recreation ,extra .
* business : travel for business reasons , expenses paid by their company .
* visiting friend and relatives :accounts for many trips , particularly within the country of residents .
Travel and tourism component industries
The different part of the sector that provide travel and tourism product and services , al the components have to rely on one or more of the component to be able to operate
* Accommodation
There are many different types of accommodation available in the travel and tourism sector
* Serviced : the meals are on offer and your room will be cleaned , example ( hotels )
* Non-serviced: you look after your self and do your own cleaning , shopping, and cooking
Example (holiday parks , rented apartments or holiday cottages ) .
* Types of accommodation:
-hotels : can be independent or a part of a large hotel chain, chains , tend to be more impersonal but they do provide( business , leisure ) is serviced .
- guest accommodation : that provide bed and breakfast accommodation guesthouses and farm houses .
* Transport – road
* Cars : is used for car- hire .
* Coaches : used for fly-coach holidays .
* Transport-rail
- Transport – Rail : yes for our provision we have ProRail who settles everything on the Dutch railway (ns) and for the travels to the country’s near we use ns/hispeeds.
* Transportation-sea
-ferries : a way of transportation by sea .
- important routes
* Stranraer- Belfast
* Fleetwood – Larne
* Fishguard – Rosslare
* Holyhead- Dun Laoghaire
* Hull – Zeebrugge
* Hull – Rotterdam
* Holyhead – Dublin
* Pembroke-Rosslare
* Douglas – Liverpool
* Ryde – Portsmouth
* Cruises : is a industry that is enjoying a steady growth .
Companies are in vesting in new liners and ships , river cruises are growing in popularity , popular destinations ( Rhine , Moselle, Danube and Nile ).
Psa (the passage shipping association ): provides financial protection to the customers of tour operators who are bonded by the psa .
* Transport – Air
-Airports : provides product and services to various groups of people and businesses .
Earns revenue by providing sources , has to work hard at keeping all its groups of customers happy .
Groups of customers :
* Airlines: with infrastructure (restaurants , shops)
* Customers : with facilities (restaurants, shops)
* Businesses : with location ( care hire , retailing or ground handling)
* Airlines :
* Scheduled: these airlines run a regular timetable that is changed only for the winter and summer season.
* Charter : these aircraft are usually contracted for a specific holiday season and run to a timetable set by the operator .
* Attractions : are important to both the domestic tourism market and the inbound tourism market .can be broadly divided as fallows
* Naturel attracions : landscapes , beaches , lakes
* Heritage attractions : historic houses (buildings ) , museum
* Purpose –build attraction : are built for a touristic purpose ( museums , theme parks )
* Events : attractions that many visitors , there are events in the business/tourism sector too (the world travel market) .
* Tour operators : put together the different the different components that make up a holiday and sell them as a package to the consumer .
* Mass-market : dominated the outbound market for years , Sell similar holiday packages that appeal to the majority of holidaymakers .
* Specialist : specialise in particular destination or a product are more prevalent they respond well to the trends for a tailor made holiday’s .
* Inbound tour operators : cater for the need for overseas visitors
* Domestic tour operators : cater for the resident of their own country .
* Travel agents : give advice and information and sell administer booking for a number of tour operators , they are distributors of products .
Travel agents may operate through
* Retail shops
* Business shops
* A call centre
* The internet

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