Travel and tourism component industries and their organisations
Types of tourism
* Domestic tourism :
People who are travelling within their own country
* In bound tourism :
Measures people coming in to visit a country which is not their country of residence
* Outbound tourism :
Residents travelling out of their own country example if you are from the Netherlands and you go to Spain on holiday .
* Types of tourist
* leisure : travel for holidays , cultural , events , recreation ,extra .
* business : travel for business reasons , expenses paid by their company .
* visiting friend and relatives :accounts for many trips , particularly within the country of residents .
Travel and tourism component industries
The different part of the sector that provide travel and tourism product and services , al the components have to rely on one or more of the component to be able to operate
There are many different types of accommodation available in the travel and tourism sector
* Serviced : the meals are on offer and your room will be cleaned , example ( hotels )
* Non-serviced: you look after your self and do your own cleaning , shopping, and cooking
Example (holiday parks , rented apartments or holiday cottages ) .
* Types of accommodation:
-hotels : can be independent or a part of a large hotel chain, chains , tend to be more impersonal but they do provide( business , leisure ) is serviced .
- guest accommodation : that provide bed and breakfast accommodation guesthouses and farm houses .
* Transport – road
* Cars : is used for car- hire .
* Coaches : used for fly-coach holidays .
- Transport – Rail : yes for our provision we have ProRail who settles everything on the Dutch railway (ns) and for the travels to the country’s near we use ns/hispeeds.
-ferries : a way of transportation by sea .
- important routes
* Stranraer- Belfast
* Fleetwood – Larne
* Fishguard – Rosslare
* Holyhead- Dun Laoghaire
* Hull – Zeebrugge
* Hull – Rotterdam
* Holyhead – Dublin
* Douglas – Liverpool
* Ryde – Portsmouth
* Cruises : is a industry that is enjoying a steady growth .
Companies are in vesting in new liners and ships , river cruises are growing in popularity , popular destinations ( Rhine , Moselle, Danube and Nile ).
Psa (the passage shipping association ): provides financial protection to the customers of tour operators who are bonded by the psa .
* Transport – Air
-Airports : provides product and services to various groups of people and businesses .
Earns revenue by providing sources , has to work hard at keeping all its groups of customers happy .
Groups of customers :
* Airlines: with infrastructure (restaurants , shops)
* Customers : with facilities (restaurants, shops)
* Businesses : with location ( care hire , retailing or ground handling)
* Airlines :
* Scheduled: these airlines run a regular timetable that is changed only for the winter and summer season.
* Charter : these aircraft are usually contracted for a specific holiday season and run to a timetable set by the operator .
* Attractions : are important to both the domestic tourism market and the inbound tourism market .can be broadly divided as fallows
* Naturel attracions : landscapes , beaches , lakes
* Heritage attractions : historic houses (buildings ) , museum
* Purpose –build attraction : are built for a touristic purpose ( museums , theme parks )
* Events : attractions that many visitors , there are events in the business/tourism sector too (the world travel market) .
* Tour operators : put together the different the different components that make up a holiday and sell them as a package to the consumer .
* Mass-market : dominated the outbound market for years , Sell similar holiday packages that appeal to the majority of holidaymakers .
* Specialist : specialise in particular destination or a product are more prevalent they respond well to the trends for a tailor made holiday’s .
* Inbound tour operators : cater for the need for overseas visitors
* Domestic tour operators : cater for the resident of their own country .
* Travel agents : give advice and information and sell administer booking for a number of tour operators , they are distributors of products .
Travel agents may operate through
* Retail shops
* Business shops
* A call centre
* The internet