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LO1 Understand nutritional principles Food
choice: factors influencing food choice and dietary habits (socio-economic, cultural, religious, ethical, psychological, media, sensory perception); current food trends eg fast foods, snacking Food classification: main food groups (meat, fish and alternatives, milk and dairy foods, bread and cereal foods, fruit and vegetables, fatty and sugary foods); nutritional values of common foods Nutritional requirements: dietary reference values (DRVs) for nutrients and energy; nutrient and energy needs of population subgroups (children, physically active, elderly, pregnancy and lactation) Nutritional status: assessment of the nutritional status of populations and individuals (anthropometric assessment); body mass index (BMI); biochemical; measurement of food and nutrient intake (24-hour recall, weighed inventory, National Food Survey); use of food tables
LO2 Understand the links between diet and health
Health: obesity and overweight (nature and extent, causes, treatment); coronary heart disease; dietary fats (saturates, monounsaturates, polyunsaturates, omega-3 fatty acids, trans-fatty acids) and effects on serum cholesterol (LDL and HDL); diet and dental health; fibre/NSP (non-starch polysaccharides) and bowel disorders; diet (eg antioxidant vitamins) and cancer; salt and hypertension Healthy eating: healthy eating guidelines as current at time of delivery; 1983 NACNE report; nutrient and food recommendations of 1994 COMA report; SACN [1999]; Our Healthier Nation [1999]; Choosing Health: Making Healthy Choices Easier [2004]; Nutritional Well-being of the British Population [September 2008]; comparison with health in other countries in relation to diet eg Mediterranean diet, diet in Japan Alcohol: physiological/psychological effects of alcohol in the body (short- and long-term); behavioural effects; product development trends linked to customer demands; current market share for alcoholic beverages Deficiency diseases: vitamin and mineral deficiencies eg folic acid deficiency, anaemia Therapeutic diets: diabetic; weight-reducing; gluten-free Allergies: various eg nuts, colourings, flavourings Range of medical conditions: range eg diabetes, renal failure, heart disease, obesity, coeliac disease

LO3 Be able to plan and analyse diets and menus Meal/menu
planning: construction of healthy, palatable meals and menus for a variety of situations and customers including vegetarian, vegan, diabetic, weight-reducing and glutenfree diets Analysis of menus and diets: measurement, calculation and estimation of weights of foods in meals and diets; use of food tables and computer programmes in the analysis of the nutrient and energy contents of a variety of menus and diets; evaluation of the suitability of menus for the intended customers Menu modification: adaptation of recipes, menus and diets to comply with healthy eating guidelines (reduced fat, sugar, salt and increased fibre)

LO4 Understand the role of nutrition in hospitality management Food production
 methods: effects of different food production methods and cooking techniques on the nutritional values of foods eg conventional large-scale cooking methods, microwave cooking, cook-freeze, cook-chill, sous vide Nutrition in different sectors of the industry: application of nutritional principles and relative importance of nutrition in a variety of catering businesses eg schools, hospitals, residential homes, employee feeding, hotels, restaurants, fast-food businesses Promotion of healthy eating: importance of a good diet; presentation of nutritional information to customers and staff; nutrition education
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Learning outcomes and assessment criteria
Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
 LO1 Understand nutritional principles
Assessment criteria for pass
The learner can:
1.1 review factors affecting food choice and current food trends
1.2 categorise foods according to type and nutrient content
1.3 discuss nutritional requirements of individuals and groups
1.4 assess methods used for measuring nutritional status and food intake

LO2 Understand the links between diet and health
2.1 discuss the relationships between diet and health, explaining the principles of healthy eating
2.2 appraise the effects of alcohol on the human body and the hospitality world
2.3 assess the use of diet in the treatment of a range of medical conditions

LO3 Be able to plan and analyse diets and menus
3.1 plan, develop and analyse healthy, palatable meals for a variety of customers and situations
3.2 modify existing recipes, meals and menus to implement healthy eating principles
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LO4 Understand the role of nutrition in hospitality management

4.1 evaluate the effects of different methods of food production on the nutritional value of foods
4.2 compare the different nutritional principles involved in a variety of catering outlets
 4.3 produce and analyse material that provides nutritional information and promotes concepts of healthy eating suitable for use in the catering industry
This unit can be linked successfully with a wide range of units. For example:
Unit 5: Food and Beverage Operations Management Unit 24: Brewing Science Unit 25: Menu Planning and Product Development Unit 26: Planning and Managing Food Production and Beverage Service Unit 29: Creative Patisserie Unit 30: New Product Development in Food.
This unit also links to the following Management NVQ units:
 B2: Map the environment in which your organisation operates
B8: Ensure compliance with legal, regulatory, ethical and social requirements
F9: Build your organisation’s understanding of its market and customers
F10: Develop a customer focused organisation
F11: Manage the achievement of customer satisfaction.
Essential requirements
Learners will require access to laboratory facilities and software packages for analysis of diets and menus.
Employer engagement and vocational contexts
Delivery of this unit will be enhanced by local NHS dietitans and accredited nutritionists as visiting speakers.
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