UNIT 21: SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE

UNIT 21: SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
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LO1 Be able to investigate the performance of a selected small business enterprise Business
profile: components of the business, objectives of the business, internal and external factors affecting business performance, performance measures, constraints and restrictions on business, responsibilities and liabilities of owner-manager Comparative measures of performance: comparisons with other similar-sized businesses in same geographical area, comparisons with businesses in same or similar industry, comparisons with industry averages; comparisons should cover all areas – financial, production, marketing, sales, human resources, use of technology Analysis of business information: analysis of past and current business information – financial, marketing information, sales, production, human resource efficiency, management effectiveness – using ratios, budget information, market research results, SWOT analysis, business reports eg production efficiency

LO2 Be able to propose changes to improve management and business performance Overcoming
weaknesses: problem-solving strategies; sources and availability of professional advice in appropriate areas; finding solutions and alternatives; availability and use of outsourcing for specific functions eg payroll, debt collection Maintaining and strengthening existing business: maintaining appropriate performance records, building on business strengths, maintaining market share/position, importance of good customer/supplier/advisor relationships New opportunities: identifying areas for expansion eg niche markets and export opportunities where appropriate, research techniques, evaluating projects, assessing project requirements, costing and finding finance for new projects, risk assessment Evaluation of management and personnel: skills audit, self-evaluation, development of self and associated personnel, assessing costs and benefits of self and staff development
LO3 Be able to revise business objectives and plans to incorporate proposed changes Business
objectives: structure of business objectives, assessment of business objectives in the light of current performance, making changes to business objectives, impact of changes on business plans Business plans: structure of integrated business plans (financial, sales and marketing, production/output, personnel), use of business plans, evaluation of plans against business objectives, incorporating changes to plans, budgeting for changes, preparation of business forecasts Action plans: plans to implement changes, systems to manage, monitor and evaluate changes, performance measures, milestones, setting deadlines
UNIT 21: SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
LO4 Be able to examine the impact of change management on the operations of the business
 Impact of change: effects of change on all areas of business – finance, workloads, morale, job roles, physical aspects eg office space, production methods; use of technology, anticipating possible obstacles/problems Management of change: monitoring effects of change, maintaining systems and records to evaluate impact of change, appropriate revision of plans in response to actual results
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UNIT 21: SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
Learning outcomes and assessment criteria
Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
 LO1 Be able to investigate the performance of a selected small business enterprise

Assessment criteria for pass
The learner can:
 1.1 produce a profile of a selected small business identifying its strengths and weaknesses
1.2 carry out an analysis of the business using comparative measures of performance
LO2 Be able to propose changes to improve management and business performance

2.1 recommend with justification, appropriate actions to overcome the identified weaknesses in the business
2.2 analyse ways in which existing performance could be maintained and strengthened
2.3 recommend with justification, new areas in which the business could be expanded

LO3 Be able to revise business objectives and plans to incorporate proposed changes

3.1 produce an assessment of existing business objectives and plans
3.2 revise business plans to incorporate appropriate changes
3.3 prepare an action plan to implement the changes
LO4 Be able to examine the impact of change management on the operations of the business

4.1 report on the impact of the proposed changes on the business and its personnel
4.2 plan how the changes will be managed in the business
 4.3 monitor improvements in the performance of the business over a given timescale
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UNIT 21: SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
Guidance
Links
The unit can be linked with a number of others, including:
Unit 2: Finance in the Hospitality Industry Unit 19: External Business Environment Unit 20: Business Health Check. This unit also links to the following Management NVQ units:
 A3: Develop your personal networks
B2: Map the environment in which your organisation operates
B3: Develop a strategic business plan for your organisation
B8: Ensure compliance with legal, regulatory, ethical and social requirements
C5: Plan change
E1: Manage a budget
E2: Manage finance for your area of responsibility
E3: Obtain additional finance for the organisation
F12: Improve organisational performance.
Essential requirements
In developing an awareness of business objectives and plans, learners must consider realistic scenarios and understand the implications of proposed changes on the operation of the business. Learners are expected to provide evidence of an investigation into the performance of a selected small business. Some learners may be in a position to use their own employment as a basis for the course. Family businesses may also provide opportunities for generating evidence. Tutors must be aware that evidence collected from a real business is always most useful for learners but, if necessary, case study material may be provided for learners. The Open University Business School Small Business Programme publications provide a series of titles covering accounting and finance, product development and marketing, and human resource management and recruitment. Each publication provides knowledge and case study examples. In some cases a video or audio tape is also available. Contact the Open University for details.
UNIT 21: SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
Employer engagement and vocational contexts
Learners should be exposed to a variety of case studies from the hospitality industry in order to gain coverage of the different aspects of small business management and development. They will need to be able to identify the specific problems that a small business can face and find workable solutions to ensure continuation of the business. In order to gain an insight into the issues facing small businesses, learners would benefit from guest speakers, such as those operating a small business or organisations that support small businesses. Visits to local business enterprises would also help to develop learners’ understanding of the current issues affecting these enterprises. Although there are generic issues which affect all small businesses, learners should consider some of the hospitality-specific issues, including high susceptibility to economic fluctuation and small profit margins.
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