Unit 26 Employability Skills

Unit 26:

Employability Skills

Unit code:

QCF level:

Credit value:


This unit provides learners with the opportunity to acquire honed employability skills required for effective employment.

Unit abstract

All learners at all levels of education and experience require honed employability skills as a prerequisite to entering the job market. This unit gives learners an opportunity to assess and develop an understanding of their own responsibilities and performance in, or when entering, the workplace.

It considers the skills required for general employment, such as interpersonal and transferable skills, and the dynamics of working with others in teams or groups including leadership and communication skills.

It also deals with the everyday working requirement of problem solving which includes the identification or specification of the ‘problem’, strategies for its solution and then evaluation of the results through reflective practices.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1     Be able to determine own responsibilities and performance

2     Be able to develop interpersonal and transferable skills

3     Understand the dynamics of working with others

4       Be able to develop strategies for problem solving.

Unit content
1      Be able to determine own responsibilities and performance

Own responsibilities: personal responsibility; direct and indirect relationships and adaptability, decision-making processes and skills; ability to learn and develop within the work role; employment legislation, ethics, employment rights and responsibilities

Performance objectives: setting and monitoring performance objectives

Individual appraisal systems: uses of performance appraisals eg salary levels and bonus payments, promotion strengths and weaknesses, training needs; communication; appraisal criteria eg production data, personnel data, judgemental data; rating methods eg ranking, paired comparison, checklist, management by objectives

Motivation and performance: application and appraisal of motivational theories and techniques, rewards and incentives, manager’s role, self-motivational factors

2      Be able to develop interpersonal and transferable skills

Effective communication: verbal and non-verbal – awareness and use of body language, openness and responsiveness, formal and informal feedback to and from colleagues; ICT as an effective communication medium; team meetings

Interpersonal skills: personal effectiveness; working with others; use of initiative; negotiating skills; assertiveness skills; social skills

Time management: prioritising workload; setting work objectives; making and keeping appointments; working steadily rather than erratically; time for learning; reliable estimate of task time

Problem solving: problem analysis; researching changes in the workplace; generating solutions; choosing a solution

3      Understand the dynamics of working with others

Working with others: nature and dynamics of team and group work; informal and formal settings, purpose of teams and groups eg long-term corporate objectives/strategy; problem solving and short-term development projects; flexibility/adaptability; team player

Teams and team building: selecting team members eg specialist roles, skill and style/approach mixes; identification of team/work group roles; stages in team development eg team building, identity, loyalty, commitment to shared beliefs, team health evaluation; action planning; monitoring and feedback; coaching skills; ethics; effective leadership skills, eg, setting direction, setting standards, motivating, innovative, responsive, effective communicator, reliability, consistency

4      Be able to develop strategies for problem solving

Specification of the problem: definition of the problem; analysis and clarification

Identification of possible outcomes: identification and assessment of various alternative outcomes

Tools and methods: problem-solving methods and tools

Plan and implement: sources of information; solution methodologies; selection and implementation of the best corrective action eg timescale, stages, resources, critical path analysis

Evaluation: evaluation of whether the problem was solved or not; measurement of solution against specification and desired outcomes; sustainability

Learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass

On successful completion of
The learner can:

this unit a learner will:

LO1 Be able to determine own

develop a set of own responsibilities and performance

responsibilities and



evaluate own effectiveness against defined objectives

make recommendations for improvement

review how motivational techniques can be used to

improve quality of performance

LO2 Be able to develop

develop solutions to work based problems

interpersonal and

communicate in a variety of styles and appropriate manner

transferable skills

at various levels

identify effective time management strategies

LO3 Understand the dynamics

explain the roles people play in a team and how they can

of working with others

work together to achieve shared goals

analyse team dynamics

suggest alternative ways to complete tasks and achieve

team goals

LO4 Be able to develop

evaluate tools and methods for developing solutions to

strategies for problem



develop an appropriate strategy for resolving a particular


evaluate the potential impact on the business of

implementing the strategy.



This unit links with the Personal and Professional Development, the Work-Based Experience and

Research Project units. It also links with the following Asset Skills cross-sectoral Employability Matrix:

5      B2.4: Plan and manage time, money and other resources to achieve goals

5      B3.3: Find and suggest new ways to achieve goals and get the job done and achieve goals

5      B4.5: Plan for and achieve your learning goals

5      C1.1: Understand the roles people play in a group and how you can best work with them

5      C1.7: Lead or support and motivate a team to achieve high standards

5      C2.6: Find new and creative ways to solve a problem.

Essential requirements

Learners will need access to a range of work-related exemplars (for example, appraisal and development systems, team health checks, job descriptions, action plans, communication strategies).

Employer engagement and vocational contexts

Delivery of this unit will benefit from centres establishing strong links with employers willing to contribute to the delivery of teaching, work-based placements and/or detailed case study materials.