Unit 15 website management

Unit 15 website management


NAME OF THE PROJECT:- website for student management system.

STATEMENT ABOUT THE PROBLEM:- Web development is a wide term that is related to the activities developing some website for the internet or an intranet. This may consist of web designing, server side or client side scripting, configuration of the web server, business development of e-commerce and development of the web content. For the larger organizations and businesses, the web development groups consist of a large number of web developers. In case of smaller organizations, there may be a requirement of a single webmaster or graphic designer.

Web development may vary from development of the simple plain text of the single page to highly multifaceted web-based electronic businesses, social networking and internet applications. Web development can also serve as a collaborative initiative among the different departments. Web designing- creating best web sites

Web designing refers to developing of good, creative and attractive web sites through the process of planning, modeling, conceptualizing and executing of electronic media content. It basically refers to creation of web sites which are meant to present content including interfaces as well as interactive features to the users in the shape of web pages. All these elements could be placed on the web page in forms, text, bit-mapped images through the use of XML, XHTML and HTML tags. If you want to develop a new web site of your own or just need to have a new look to your old and dull websites then you must hire good web designers who would make your web site attractive and more appealing.

WHY IS THE PARTICULAR PROBLEM CHOOSEN:-

We have choosen this project because educational institutes want to impart knowledge to their students through a medium which can make them accessible with variety of knowledge with just a mouse click. This requirement has been fulfilled by the internet which offers various sites. Any type of information regarding notices, exam dates, can be easily accessed by opening the particular site.

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT:- Web designing is very essential and important part of IT industry. There are various skills required while designing a web site. A web designer must have proper knowledge of the contents which are required to be covered in the website. Graphics i.e. colors, patterns, textures and effects should always been clear and effective. There should not be a hint of impatience in your design. There should be proper symmetry between curves, distances between buttons, links etc. A person should have complete knowledge of CSS and HTML. A web designing has very wide scope in IT industry. It is basically dependent of the skills of the web designer. Conceptual designing also plays an important role in designing a web site. Links help in increasing the traffic for a web site.

A web designing is an art. It requires domain name registration, hosting, proper layout and promotion. Every activity which is associated with the designing of a website requires proper qualification and experience. Today every small or big industry requires a media to catch the attention of the proposed consumers. Similarly, educational institutes want to impart knowledge to their students through a medium which can make them accessible with variety of knowledge with just a mouse click. This requirement has been fulfilled by the internet which offers various sites. Any type of information can be easily accessed by opening the particular site. All these have made web designing industry more popular and it has further increased its scope. There is no field left where internet has not made its entry. Support of web designing industry in providing every bit of service right from content writing to site launching have been very advantageous to the various customers. Web designing industry has earned a good name in past few decades. The needs of business, industry, education and public sector have made very good use of web services. There are more jobs available for web designers than before. There are lots of companies who have earned a good name in providing web designing services to people. They employ professional who have good knowledge and experience. Lots of new companies have been coming up. Ecommerce solutions which are part of web designing have made shopping on net easy and convenient. Lots of solutions have been provided by the web designers to the people who want details about any subject. There is no field left on which you cannot easily find a good piece of knowledge. It is no child play to be able to adjust in today’s world of competition. There is great need of the experience and professionalism that can make web designing successful. If you provide good services to what your customer demand you can easily survive the market conditions. Effective presentation of website and proper promotion are the key things which are required to make website more accessible. Web designing industry is likely to grow at more speed in near future. That time in not far enough, when this industry will be the number one industry of every nation.

METHODOLOGY:- This paper outlines a methodology for developing Web Design Patterns and selecting patterns for a pattern library. We developed this methodology in order to create the website called ibranch.

Executive Summary
This paper describes the methodology we developed as part of a project to build a Website called ibranch for students and teachers at the
Nri institute of information science and technology. We developed a consistent process for developing slides. We design pages to improve upon some of the issues identified in our analysis of existing collections1 and help our target users solve design problems.

SOFTWARE PRINCIPLES USED:-

Web Sites require a combination of technologies which help in create web pages. In this article, we will discuss some of the technologies which are used to create web sites and their contribution to web design. As most of the technologies are moving ahead with new versions, we will discuss the basic features of the software and not the version which is currently active: 1. HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML provides the basis for creation of web pages. It creates text files which are readable by web browsers. HTML files are very versatile as they permit delivering of image files, content and form fields to online users. HTML can be created either by directing the code directly in Notepad or with the help of HTML editors which are used extensively by web designers. Some of the most popular HTML editors are Dreamweaver and Frontpage. Most web sites use HTML and you can determine this by seeing the file extension which would be .html .

2. Photoshop: Though Photoshop is software which is used for image editing, it is fitting to mention it here since most images posted online are edited with the help of Photoshop. Photoshop provides tools to manipulate the images of a web site and sometimes designers may even create the basic web site layout in Photoshop and on approval from the customer go ahead and convert it to HTML. Photoshop is a very important tool in the web designers’ arsenal!

3. Flash: Interactive web pages which have an interesting presentation form are created with the help of Flash. Though flash has been around for some years now, it is only recently that many web sites have started using it extensively. The reason behind this is quite simple…increase in the availability of bandwidth across the world has resulted in people being able to access flash web sites quite easily. Flash files tend to be slightly heavier that the regular HTML files due to the code it contains for interactive elements and thus is resource hungry. However, the impact of a flash web site is a lot more than HTML web site and is used to create a lasting impression on online users.

4. AJAX: AJAX is a very new entrant in the user interface technology space and some of the leading web sites such as Google have started using it to provide users a better level of interactivity and customization of their display options. AJAX provides the users an ability to mould the interface and have only those items on display which they need. AJAX is sure to become a bit more commonplace in the near future as more and more web designers realize its potential.

5. CSS: Though CSS is not a separate technology, it is worth a mention since it helps creates uniformity across the entire web site. Cascading Style Sheet or CSS allows web designers to create the rules of display in a central file which is then implemented through out the web site. A web site can have more than one CSS. Some of the things which a CSS files helps in maintaining are font styles and colors, navigation bar, footer and sometimes even some of the graphics on the web site.

6. JavaScript: Javascript has very little to do with Java. Javascript provides certain user interface controls which can make a web site more interesting as well as add user friendly features on the web site. Mouse roll overs, navigation drop downs and validation of web forms are some of the most practical uses of JavaScript. There are many other user interface technologies which can be put to use by designers. Some are well known and some might be a new path breaking technology. The above technologies are the ones which are the most common and well known in the community.

HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE DESIGN:-

Designers are rarely free to do whatever comes to mind. Just as designers consider their users’ needs for specific information, they must also consider any constraints imposed on them by their users’ hardware, software, and speed of connection to the Internet. Today, a single operating system (Microsoft’s XP) dominates personal computer market. Similarly, only two Web site browsers are favored by the vast majority of users. More than ninety percent of users have their monitors set to 1024x768, 800x600 or 1280x1024 pixel resolution. And while most users at work have high-speed Internet access, many home users still connect using dial-up.

Within the constraints of available time, money, and resources, it is usually impossible to design for all users. Therefore, identify the hardware and software used by your primary and secondary audiences and design to maximize the effectiveness of your Web site.

DESIGN FOR POPULAR OPERATING SYSTEM

Guideline: Design the Web site so it will work well with the most popular operating systems. Comments: Designers should attempt to accommodate ninety-five percent of all users. Ensure that all testing of a Web site is done using the most common operating systems. Currently, the most popular operating system is Microsoft’s Windows XP which has over 80 of the market share. The second is Windows 2000 (eight percent), then Windows 98 (five percent), and the Macintosh (three percent). Designers should consult one of the several sources that maintain current figures to help ensure that they are designing to accommodate as many users as possible. Sources: www.thecounter.com., 2006; Jupitermedia Corporation, 2003.

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Design for Commonly Used Screen Resolutions

Guideline: Design for monitors with the screen resolution set at 1024x768 pixels. Comments: Designers should attempt to accommodate ninety-five percent of all users. As of June 2006, 56% of users have their screen resolution set at 1024x768. By designing for 1024x768, designers will accommodate this most common resolution, as well as those at any higher resolution. Ensure that all testing of Web sites is done using the most common screen resolutions.Sources: www.thecounter.com., 2006; Evans, 1998; Jupitermedia Corporation, 2003.

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DESIGN FOR TYPICAL CONNECTION SPEED:-

Guideline: Design for the connection speed of most users.

Comments: At work in the United States, at least eighty-nine percent of users have high speed access, while less than eleven percent are using fifty-six K (or slower) modems. At home, more than two-thirds of users have high speed access. These figures are continually changing. Designers should consult one of the several sources that maintain current figures. Sources: Nielsen/NetRatings, 2006; Forrester Research, 2001; Nielsen, 1999a; Web Site Optimization, 2003. 

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