Unit25: Influences on Health and Social care organisations

          Unit25:

Influences on Health and Social care organisations









Unit code:
L/601/1662

QCF level:
4


Credit value:
15



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• Aim
This unit aims to develop understanding of how the external environment, organisational structure and function impact on health and social care service delivery and the role that leadership plays in service provision.
• Unit abstract
This unit covers the theoretical concepts used to explain how organisations function and investigates the role of leadership within organisations. Current thinking in management theory will be discussed with particular reference to health and social care organisations. Learners will be encouraged to apply theoretical concepts to organisations with which they are familiar and to analyse the leadership roles within these organisations. The relationship between individual and organisational effectiveness and their impact on health and social care services will also be discussed from the perspective of care workers and those who use services.
Learners will be encouraged to explore the influences that the external environment has on service delivery and organisational effectiveness, using a range of business theories and analysing how these theories apply to health and care services.
• Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
       1 Understand the relationship between the external environment and health and social care organisations
2 Understand the impact of organisational structure and culture on health and social care service delivery
3  Understand the role of leadership in health and social care organisations.

Unit content
1 Understand the relationship between the external environment and health and social care organisations
External environmental factors: public and media concerns; legal framework; political issues; resource and funding issues; demography; commercial pressures; external stakeholders eg Care Quality Commission, Department of Health, Supporting People, local government
Potential impact: on people eg users of services, workers, others; roles and responsibilities; accountabilities; functions and services; organisational restructuring
Responding to external stakeholder needs: approaches eg inspection, keeping records and statistics, conformance, accountability
Understand the impact of organisational structure and culture on health and social care service delivery
Types of organisations: public, private, not-for-profit; formal/informal; function differences egservice-based, product-based, multi-functional
Individual behaviour theory: personality, motivation theories eg Maslow, Herzberg, McClelland, Vroom; job design; stress; conflict
Group behaviour theory: group formation; socialisation; roles; ambiguity; compliance; conformity; group think; team building eg Belbin, Janis, Asch, Milgram
Organisational structures: functional; geographical; matrix; centralisation versus decentralisation; tall versus flat
Organisational culture: power cultures; role cultures; task cultures; person cultures; cultural norms; how cultures develop
Understand the role of leadership in health and social care organisations
Concept of leadership: vision; values; management style (participative, consultative); personal authority and self-confidence; transformational leadership; authority and power
Organisational effectiveness: best use of scarce resources; achievement of organisational objectives; successfully meeting needs of those who use services; meeting the needs of staff

Learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass

On successful completion of
The learner can:

this unit a learner will:








LO1 Understand the relationship

1.1
analyse the impact of external environmental factors on

between the external


health and social care organisations

environment and health and

1.2
evaluate the ways in which organisations respond to the

social care organisations




impact of external factors, including those of external








stakeholders






LO2 Understand the impact of

2.1
compare and contrast different types of organisational

organisational structure and


structures in health and social care

culture on health and social

2.2
analyse the concept of organisational culture in health

care service delivery




and social care services







2.3
analyse theories relating to the behaviour of individuals




and groups in health and social care organisations



2.4
explain how the organisational structure and culture of a




health and care organisation impacts on service delivery





LO3 Understand the role of

3.1
discuss concepts of leadership as related to health and

leadership in health and


social care organisations

social care organisations.

3.2
analyse how leadership can influence the effectiveness







of health and social care organisations



3.3
evaluate the specific leadership contributions in a health




or social care organisation.






Guidance
Links
This unit has links with, for example:
Unit 1: Communicating in Health and Social Care Organisations
Unit 4: Personal and Professional Development in Health and Social Care
Unit 5: Working in Partnership in Health and Social Care
Unit 13: Managing Human Resources in Health and Social Care
Unit 23: Employability Skills
Unit 26: Facilitating Change in Health and Social Care
Unit 27: Managing Quality in Health and Social Care.
This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.
This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Leadership and Management for Care Services. See Annexe C for mapping.
Essential requirements
Use of real or fictitious case studies will be essential to ensure that the theoretical learning is applied to understanding how organisations operate, develop and change.
Employer engagement and vocational contexts

Some contact with employers will be required in order for learners to achieve the assessment criteria. It would also be useful for centres to use factual organisational case studies to enhance the vocational nature of the unit.

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