UNIT 39: TOURIST DESTINATIONS

UNIT 39: TOURIST DESTINATIONS
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Unit 39:
Unit code: QCF level: Credit value:
\Tourist Destinations
K/601/1748 4 15

Aim:

The aim of this unit is to enable learners to gain understanding of UK and worldwide destinations, their cultural, social and physical features, their characteristics and issues affecting their popularity.

Unit abstract:

This unit introduces learners to the main UK and worldwide tourist destinations in terms of visitor numbers and income generation and their location. Learners will look into the cultural, social and physical features of those destinations and the issues and trends that affect their popularity, as part of the essential selling skills and knowledge needed by managers within the travel and tourism sector. Through studying visitor numbers, statistics and other relevant data, learners should be more aware of past issues affecting tourism, enabling them to appreciate the impact they can have on a destination and its continued popularity.


Unit content:

LO1 Understand the scope of key UK and worldwide tourist destinations

1.Understand the scope of key UK and worldwide tourist destinations Main destinations: by income generated, visitor numbers and tourism statistics Tourist destinations: major tourist destinations selected from UK, Europe and the rest of the world Generators: source of tourists

LO2 Understand the cultural, social and physical features of tourist destinations

2.Understand the cultural, social and physical features of tourist destinations Cultural: resources eg museums, monuments, churches, megaliths, festivals, food, drink, music Social: social groups eg national, regional, religious; needs of different customer groups; impact of tourism on resources and the local community; carrying capacity; sustainability; local and national government policies; alternatives to mass market Physical: landscape eg geology of lakes, mountains, coastline, profile of beaches, flora and fauna, preferences of landscape; effects of people and the need for conservation eg urban infrastructure, water supply, sanitation, transport networks

LO3 Understand how the characteristics of destinations affect their appeal to tourists

3. Understand how the characteristics of destinations affect their appeal to tourists Economic characteristics: economic growth and development; the process of economic development in countries eg pre-industrial society, industrial to a service economy; components of gross domestic product; provision of consumer goods; exportation of primary products; fluctuation of process in export markets; dependency on industrial countries; tourism as an economic alternative Physical characteristics: physical conditions eg poor urban infrastructure, lack of clean water supply, inadequate sanitation, lack of utilities, poor transport network Social characteristics: eg population pressures, infant mortality, life expectancy, migration from rural to urban living, levels of poverty, construction and roles of family units, quality of life, incidence of disease, literacy levels, role of women and children Political characteristics: forms of government eg absolutist, democratic, emergent democracy, tribal, theocratic; corruption, international links; use of tourism as a political tool eg Cuba, Burma Destinations: selected from UK, Europe and the rest of the world, leading destinations, developing destinations Appeal: popularity, change in visitor numbers, types of visitor eg business, pleasure, visiting friends and relatives; change, product life cycle

 LO4 Understand issues likely to affect the popularity of tourist destinations

4.Understand issues likely to affect the popularity of tourist destinations Issues: eg climate, global warming, Arctic flows, ocean current, natural disasters, natural phenomena; sustainability; political eg use of tourism as a political tool, human rights, growth of nationalism and religious fundamentalism; terrorism; economics; trade links, sports links, linguistic links, ethical, role of the media, conflict with agriculture Popularity: visitor numbers, statistics, economic data; tourist generation eg factors determining demand, reason for growth; world distribution – domestic and international

MGT8033 Leading organizational change Assignment 3 Case study 2
Learning outcomes and assessment criteria:

Learning outcomes
Understand the scope of key UK and worldwide tourist destinations Understand the cultural, social and physical features of tourist destinations Understand how the characteristics of destinations affect their appeal to tourists Understand issues likely to affect the popularity of tourist destinations.

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
Assessment criteria for pass
The learner can:
LO1 Understand the scope of key UK and worldwide tourist destinations

1.1 analyse main tourist destinations and generators of the world in terms of visitor numbers and income generation
1.2 analyse statistics to determine tourism destination trends and predict future trends


LO2 Understand the cultural, social and physical features of tourist destinations

2.1 analyse cultural, social and physical features of tourist destinations explaining their appeal to tourists
2.2 compare features of developing and leading tourist destinations

LO3 Understand how the characteristics of destinations affect their appeal to tourists
 3.1 compare the appeal of current leading tourist destinations with that of currently developing tourist destinations
 3.2 evaluate how characteristics of a tourist destination affect its appeal

LO4 Understand issues likely to affect the popularity of tourist destinations
4.1 analyse issues that affect the popularity of tourist destinations
4.2 discuss the potential for responsible tourism to enhance the host community at worldwide tourist destinations
Guidance

Links
This unit links with:
 Unit 4: Research Project
Unit 37: The Travel and Tourism Sector
 Unit 40: Tour Operations Management.

This unit maps to the following Management NVQ unit:

B2: Map the environment in which your organisation operates.

Essential requirements:

Any evidence submitted for criteria requiring the practical demonstration of skills, eg presentations or the ability to work independently, must be supported by observation sheet(s) signed by the assessor and identify how the specific criteria have been met. The assessment strategy must be designed to suit the needs of individual learners and the local work environment of the country in which they are studying. Assessment must encourage learners to apply and reflect on their studies within and across units.

Employer engagement and vocational contexts:


A team of employers could be identified to support the different units. Employers could help tutors, for example, with the planning of programmes of learning, or provision of visits, guest speakers and mentors. They could also help to design assessment activities. The delivery of this unit would be enhanced by employer engagement involving, for example, local tour operators or the tourist board. Learners could, for example, meet with a representative from a national tourist board to learn about the features and characteristics of and issues affecting their country. It would be beneficial for learners to visit tour operators or have a talk from a tourist board representative. Tutors must also encourage learners to become student members of professional organisations such as the Institute of Travel and Tourism and the Tourism Society. If a visit to another country is planned as part of the programme, then the experience of this visit would enhance the delivery of this unit. Local tourist board officials should then be encouraged to discuss the topics with the learners.



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