Unit 18: Complementary Therapies

Unit 18:

Complementary Therapies









Unit code:
H/601/1635

QCF level:
5


Credit value:
15                                           unit 24 brewing science















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• Aim
The aim of this unit is to develop learners’ understanding of the role of complementary therapies in health and social care and their effectiveness in maintaining health and wellbeing.
• Unit abstract
The aim of this unit is to provide an understanding of the delivery and usage of a range of complementary therapies and in particular to compare this to conventional medicine. Learners will consider the principles behind complementary therapies commonly used in health and social care and will assess the advantages and disadvantages associated with their use.
Learners will analyse the evidence for their benefits to health and wellbeing as well as identify contraindications and health and safety issues in relation to their use. They will also evaluate the effectiveness of regulations in place for different therapies and their practitioners.
• Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
1  Understand the principles behind complementary therapies and their current usage
2 Understand the role of complementary therapies in relation to orthodox treatments
       3 Be able to analyse evidence for the efficacy of complementary therapies in sustaining health and wellbeing
        4 Be able to carry out an evaluation of the systems for regulating the use of complementary therapies.
Unit content
1     Understand the principles behind complementary therapies and their current usage
Therapies: pharmaceutically mediated eg herbalism, homeopathy; physically mediated eg osteopathy, chiropractic yoga, Alexander Technique; psychologically mediated eg counselling, psychotherapy, hypnotherapy
Treatments: signs and symptoms; processes; frequency; dosage; equipment; materials; agents
Advantages and disadvantages: benefits claimed eg enhancing health, wellbeing; contraindications, intrinsic harm
Access: physical access, financial, referral systems, cultural factors, private sector, public sector
2    Understand the role of complementary therapies in relation to orthodox treatments
Musculo-skeletal: bones, joints, muscles, mobility, pain
Metabolic: digestive and eliminatory processes, dermatological, endocrine functions, immune function, reproductive function
Cardio-respiratory: pulmonary functioning, cardiovascular functioning
Psychological effects: mental health eg stress, depression; learning difficulties eg Attention- Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), autism
Attitudes: preferred therapies, barriers to use, value
Contraindications: comparison between orthodox treatment and complementary therapy treatments
3     Be able to analyse evidence for the efficacy of complementary therapies in sustaining health and wellbeing
Sources of information: therapy practitioners, health professionals, commercial sources, science, systematic research
Claims: benefits eg cure, amelioration, prevention of signs and symptoms, enhancement of wellbeing
4    Be able to carry out an evaluation of the systems for regulating the use of complementary therapies
Regulation systems: legislation, code of practice, code of ethics, self regulation, complementary therapy practitioner representative umbrella organisations
Effectiveness: minimising risk, benefits, professionalism, developing public understanding, working with orthodox therapies, emerging trends

Learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass

On successful completion of
The learner can:

this unit a learner will:








LO1 Understand the principles

1.1
explain treatment processes for widely available

behind complementary


complementary therapies

therapies and their current

1.2
assess the advantages and disadvantages of the

usage




complementary therapies







1.3
analyse factors influencing access to complementary




therapies, both locally and nationwide





LO2 Understand the role of

2.1
analyse the role of complementary therapies in relation

complementary therapies in


to orthodox treatments in the care of musculo-skeletal,

relation to orthodox


metabolic and cardio-respiratory needs

treatments

2.2
evaluate attitudes towards complementary therapies






2.3
assess the psychological effects of complementary




therapies



2.4
compare the contra-indications between orthodox and




complementary therapies





LO3 Be able to analyse evidence

3.1
carry out an analysis of the reliability and validity of

for the efficacy of


information sources on complementary therapies

complementary therapies in

3.2
evaluate evidence which claims the benefits of

sustaining health and




complementary therapies

wellbeing









3.3
make recommendations based on the evidence




gathered for the use of complementary therapies within




a specific group of users of health and social care




services





LO4 Be able to carry out an

4.1
evaluate the effectiveness of current regulation systems

evaluation of the systems for


for the use of complementary therapies

regulating the use of

4.2
make recommendations, supported by evidence, for

complementary therapies.




improving regulatory systems for the use of








complementary therapies.












Guidance
Links
This unit has links with, for example:
Unit 9: Empowering Users of Health and Social Care Services
Unit 12: Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care
Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care.
This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.
There may also be links to relevant occupational standards for the practice of complementary therapies.
Essential requirements
It is essential that learners have a good understanding of human physiology and a short overview of this would be useful basis in delivering this unit. Learners also require a basic understanding of treatment and care processes in orthodox medicine.
Learners will need to access a research facility with relevant academic and professional literature which provides information on health care professionals and complementary therapies.
Employer engagement and vocational contexts
This unit would benefit from input from health or care professionals with experience in the use of complementary therapy in health care. Contributions from experienced complementary therapy practitioners would be a further advantage for the learner.


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