Unit 10: Safeguarding in Health and and social care

Unit 10:

Safeguarding in Health and and social care









Unit code:
L/601/1600

QCF level:
4


Credit value:
15





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• Aim
The aim of this unit is to enable learners to develop an understanding of the factors of abuse, and study the working practices and strategies to reduce and prevent its occurrence.
• Unit abstract
The unit enables learners to understand the different types of abuse that can occur within the community. Learners will study the signs of abuse and factors that can contribute towards individuals being vulnerable. This will be followed by identifying legislation and policies that are in place and how professionals work within the guidelines and professional standards to safeguard both practitioners and users of health and social care services.
Learners will consider the multi-agency approach and look at the strategies that are in place for all health and social care professionals to work together to minimise occurrences of abuse in health and social care contexts. Finally learners will consider the effectiveness of these working practices and strategies.
• Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
1 Understand the factors that contribute to the incidence of abuse and harm to self and othersUnit 27: PLANNING AND MANAGING FOOD PRODUCTION AND BEVERAGE SERVICE
       2 Understand current legislation, policy and professional involvement regarding abuse in health and social care contexts
       3 Understand working practice and strategies used to minimise abuse in health and social care contexts.
Understand the factors that contribute to the incidence of abuse and harm to self and others
Different types of abuse: physical, emotional, sexual, neglect, financial
Different types of self-harm: self-inflicted wounds, drugs and alcohol
Signs of abuse and self-harm: inappropriate bruising, burns, scalding, malnourishment, lowself-esteem, emotional withdrawal, neglect, other risk factors
Individuals vulnerable to abuse: children, young people, people with learning disabilities, people with mental health issues, elderly people, people with dementia
Individual factors: self-esteem, identity, gender, previous abuse, relationships, drug and alcohol abuse, type of family background, mental health issues, psychological basis of abuse
Contexts and relationships where abuse may occur: home, community, residential care, institutional care, relationships involving power, caring relationships, within the family, domestic violence
Social factors: health, housing, education, poverty, social exclusion and disadvantage, networks of support
Cultural factors: ethnicity, discrimination, religion
Understand current legislation, policy and professional involvement regarding abuse in health and social care contexts
Legislation and policy initiatives: national, regional and local policies; professional standards and guidance as appropriate; individual rights; Fraser guidelines
Range of professionals: range of professionals from health and social care including social workers, social service staff, National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), health professionals
Understand working practice and strategies used to minimise abuse in health and social care contexts
Working practices: written and oral communication, use of ICT in sharing information between professionals, anti-oppressive practice, anti-discriminatory practice, thresholds, risk factors, risk predictions, framework of assessment, identifying children in need
Strategies: working in partnership with users of health and social care services, between professionals and within organisations, decision-making processes and forums, safeguarding children boards, the ‘at risk’ register, area child protection committee, organisational policies and training
Learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning outcomes
Assessment criteria for pass

On successful completion of
The learner can:

this unit a learner will:








LO1 Understand the factors that

1.1
explain why particular individuals and groups may be

contribute to the incidence


vulnerable to abuse and/or harm to self and others

of abuse and harm to self

1.2
review risk factors which may lead to incidence of abuse

and others




and/or harm to self and others







1.3
analyse the impact of social and cultural factors on




different types of abuse and/or harm to self and others






LO2 Understand current

2.1
analyse the strengths and weaknesses in current

legislation, policy and


legislation and policy relating to those vulnerable to

professional involvement


abuse

regarding abuse in health

2.2
explain how key professionals are involved in the

and social care contexts




protection of individuals and groups vulnerable to abuse









LO3 Understand working practice

3.1
explain existing working practices and strategies

and strategies used to


designed to minimise abuse in health and social care

minimise abuse in health and


contexts

social care contexts.

3.2
evaluate the effectiveness of working practices and







strategies used to minimise abuse in health and social




care contexts



3.3
discuss possible improvements to working practices and




strategies to minimise abuse in health and social care




contexts.






Guidance
Links
This unit has links with, for example:
Unit 1: Communicating in Health and Social Care Organisations
Unit 2: Principles of Health and Social Care Practice
Unit 9: Empowering Users of Health and Social Care Services
Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs in Health and Social Care
Unit 19: Contemporary Issues in Health and Social Care.
This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Health and Social Care. See Annexe B for mapping.
This unit also has links with the National Occupational Standards in Leadership and Management for Care Services. See Annexe C for mapping.
Essential requirements
This unit requires formal classroom delivery incorporating theoretical concepts, research findings, evidence from documentation, policy and legislation. Learners will need to work with a wide range of case studies that illustrate abuse scenarios. Consideration will need to be given to the concepts of risk, harm, abuse and intervention strategies.
Due to the sensitive subject matter in this unit, tutors must ensure learners have access to support systems outside of the classroom.
Employer engagement and vocational contexts
Due to the sensitive nature of this unit, any reference to authentic vocational contexts should be used with respect for the anonymity of individuals involved, and acknowledgement of the need for confidentiality. It is suggested that practitioners from various health and social care settings contribute to formal classroom delivery and that learners work in small groups to explore the often difficult emotive content.

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