THE SOCIOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE

Unit title:     THE SOCIOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE

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Unit code:                 F/601/1593
Level:                                     4
Credit value:                        15


AIM
The aim of this unit is to help learners gain understanding of sociological concepts and theirapplication to policy making and care practice in health and social care.

UNIT ABSTRACT
This unit enables learners to gain understanding of the nature of contemporary society. Learnerswill explore how society is structured in terms of age, gender, ethnicity, social class, family andhouseholds. Learners will also consider the impact of marriage, partnership formation andrelationship breakdown on health and wellbeing.

The focus of the unit will be to consider the impact that social inequalities in society have onpolicy-making and care practice in health and social care. Learners will examine the factors thatcontribute to health and wellbeing from sociological perspectives and will explore healthinequalities. Learners will develop an understanding of how social factors influence the provisionand delivery of health and social care services and their role as a key determinant affecting healthand social care outcomes for individuals.

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1          Understand the contemporary nature of society
2          Understand how social inequalities influence the life chances and health status of individuals
3          Understand sociological concepts and theory in relation to contemporary social and healthissues.

 UNIT CONTENT

1          Understand the contemporary nature of society
Political and economic constructs: systems of stratification (age, gender, ethnicity, socialclass, households, partnership formation and relationship breakdown)
Social constructs: family and households; community; education; work; unemployment;leisure
Societal change: demographic (population profiles, national, regional); economic (wealth,technological development)
Cultural values and beliefs: related to diversity; ethnicity; religious belief; distribution ofincome and wealth. I
Implications for health and social care sector: services; resources; access

2          Understand how social inequalities influence the life chances and health status ofindividuals
Sources of data: the census; birth and death registrations; population estimates andprojections; population locations
Sociological perspectives: conflict and consensus theories; social construct theories
Inequalities in health and social care: biological factors (heredity); individual needs; accessissues; health and social care outcomes
Health status: holistic consideration of health and wellbeing status; physical eg immunestatus; mental health; emotional health; social health eg friendship networks, mobility
Life chances: education opportunity; housing; social networks; employment; affluence;lifestyle choices; risks eg accidents, deviant behaviours; access to support

3          Understand sociological concepts and theory in relation to contemporary socialand health issues
Sociological definitions of: health; illness; disability
Social issues and problems in contemporary society: population change eg proportion ofworking age, population mobility, pensions, changing care needs and expectations; work egstress, changing nature of work, unemployment, distribution of wealth; technologicaladvances eg in therapies, assistive technologies, expectations; lifestyle choices eg leisure,activity, substance misuse; the role of politics, media and public opinion in shaping the healthand social care agenda
Social inequalities in contemporary society: life chances; physical environment eg housing,transport, urban versus rural, employment, pollution; choice and access to services egeducation, social care, health care; resources eg income, benefits, time; the ability of servicesto compensate for biological factors influencing health and wellbeing

learning outcomes and assessment criteria


Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of
this unit a learner will:

Assessment criteria for pass

The learner can:
LO1    Understand the  contemporary nature of society Software Engineering (Web) Usability testing
1.1 explain how political, social and economic constructscan be used to categorise society
1.2 review current trends in societal change, including howthese might shape social expectations
1.3 discuss the influence of cultural values and beliefs insociety
1.4 evaluate the implications of societal change for thehealth and social care sector
LO2    Understand how social inequalities influence the life  chances and health status of individuals
2.1 use data to explain inequalities which exist in health andsocial care
2.2 analyse social inequalities from a sociological perspective
2.3 analyse how inequalities which exist in health and socialcare can impact on an individual’s health status and lifechances
LO3    Understand sociological concepts and theory in relation to contemporary social and health issues
3.1 apply sociological concepts and theory to   definitions ofhealth and wellbeing
3.2 use data to explain how social and health issues aresocially constructed
3.3 explain the possible implications of social and healthissues for health and social care service providers
3.4 analyse social and health issues in terms of their impacton the health and wellbeing of individuals in society.

ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS

There are no specific requirements for this unit, but an appropriate selection of books andjournals is strongly recommended. In particular, the following resource is critical reading forsociological study at this level:


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