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Unit code:                 K/601/1619
Level:                                     4
Credit value:                        15

The aim of this unit is to develop understanding of the psychological factors which influencehuman behaviour throughout the lifespan and how these apply to health and social care settings.

This unit will enable learners to understand the psychological factors which influence humanbehaviour and the effects these factors may have on users of health and social care services.

Learners will focus on the basic approaches to understanding human behaviour drawn frompsychology. These will include behavioural, cognitive, humanistic and psychodynamicapproaches. Learners will also draw on use of concepts from psychology and sociology such aslifespan development, interactionism, deviance theory, anthropology and socialisation.

The focus of the unit will be on the changing roles of individuals throughout the lifespan. The unithas been designed to develop learners understanding of those who use health and social careservices through the application of psychological and sociological concepts. This understandingunderpinning professional practice enables service providers to enhance and maintain the socialfunctioning (valued roles) of individuals in health and social care settings. This unit also developsknowledge and understanding of the nature of social functioning and how valued roles are determined.


On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

1          Understand theories of lifespan development
2          Understand social and biological determinants of human behaviour displayed in health andsocial care contexts
3          Understand how psychological theories are applied to health and social care practice.

1          Understand theories of lifespan development
Life stages: infancy; early childhood; later childhood; adolescence; adulthood; late adulthood;final stages of life and death
Theories of lifespan development: stage versus open-ended theories; continuity versusdiscontinuity; static versus dynamic theories; idiographic versus nomothetic perspectives onpersonality
Theories: behavioural; cognitive; psychodynamic and humanistic
Theorists: Freud; Erikson; Maslow; Rogers; Beck; Piaget; other theorists as appropriateeg Buhler, Havighurst, Kohlberg, Gutmann, Lowenthal, Gould, Loevinger, Berne

2          Understand social and biological determinants of human behaviour displayed inhealth and social care contexts sqsm assignment
Social factors: socialisation; family; education; culture; media; environment; effects ofdiscrimination; social exclusion
Biological factors: genetics; traits; blueprints; neuro-degenerative disorders eg Parkinson’s,Alzheimer’s
Social roles: development of social roles; concept of conformity; social context of behaviour;social group membership; relationships (to include symbiotic interactionism); development ofself concepteg Mead and Cooley
Context: sick-role behaviour; perception and interpretation of symptoms; use/misuse ofhealth and social care services; compliance with treatments; emotional adjustment toillhealth; coping strategies eg user of service, survivor, organisational; institutionalisation

3          Understand how psychological theories are applied to health and social carepractice
Psychological stress: causes of eg work-related, illness, chronic illness, bereavement, loss
Behaviour disturbance: attention deficit disorders; autistic spectrum disorders; behavioursassociated with addiction
Mental health disorders: neurosis; psychosis eg depression, schizophrenia; eating disorderseg anorexia, bulimia
Behaviour change: health promotion (including various models and concepts linked topsychological theory); care strategies; coping strategies; avoidance therapy eg cognitivedissonance, denial, projection, perception; compensation for loss of identity; advocacy;policies based on normalisation theory; aggression and abuse policies
Relationships: user of service/families and friends; user of service/care worker; between careworkers; between users of services

learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of
this unit a learner will:

Assessment criteria for pass

The learner can:
LO1    Understand theories of lifespan development
1.1 compare different psychological theories of lifespandevelopment
1.2 explain how psychological theories and  concepts arerelated to specific life stages
LO2    Understand social and biological determinants of human behaviour displayed in health and social care contexts
2.1 explain social and biological factors that influencehuman behaviour
2.2 analyse the importance of social roles in the context ofhealth and social care settings
LO3    Understand how psychological theories are applied to health and social care practice
3.1 analyse the application of psychological theories toindividuals experiencing elevated levels of stress
3.2 analyse how psychological theories relate to behaviourdisturbance
3.3 analyse how psychological theory informsunderstanding of mental health disorders
3.4 evaluate the application of psychological principles toaffecting behaviour change in health and social caresettings
3.5 analyse how psychological theories can enhanceunderstanding of relationships in health and social care.


Although Erikson, Maslow, Freud and Rogers must be addressed, other theorists should beincluded, depending on the focus of interest of the programme and learners. A detailedunderstanding of different theories relating to the application of psychological theory is notexpected, but learners must have the opportunity to develop a broad understanding of howpsychology informs health and social care strategies for individuals.

Learners must produce an analytical report based on primary and/or secondary data, togetherwith supporting materials, eg consent documents, questionnaires, interview schedules,transcripts, presentation tools (for example, overhead transparencies or handouts), witnesstestimony etc. It is expected that the learner will focus their report on one or a number of healthand social care settings.ITECH 6502 Data Communication Management Assignment 1