UNIT 38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT


UNIT 38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT


Sustainable Tourism Development D/601/1746 

                                                                                             Unit 18: Complementary Therapies    

LO1 Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry



Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry Rationale: to achieve the determined objectives eg improved employment opportunities, protection and conservation of wildlife, landscape, co-ordination between public/private partners, to maximise benefits, provide infrastructure, co-ordinate development, consumer protection; involvement of stakeholders eg developers, tourism industry, tourists and host community; public/private partnerships and advantages/disadvantages of; effective use of resources eg infrastructure; natural, cultural, heritage, human resources


1.1 discuss how stakeholders can benefit from planning of tourism developments with reference to a current case study


1.2 discuss the advantages and disadvantages of public/private sector tourism planning partnerships drawing on a current example




LO2 Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development


Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development Planning: environmental; economic; social; international; national; regional; local; strategic; short term; qualitative; quantitative; methods of measuring tourism impact eg Cambridge Economic Impact Model (STEAM), Environmental Impact Studies, Pro Poor Tourism; Responsible Tourism, interactive planning systems and processes Development: preservation, conservation, new build


2.1 analyse features of tourism development planning at different levels

 2.2 evaluate the significance of interactive planning systems and processes in tourism developments


2.3 evaluate different methods available to measure tourist impact




LO3 Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism



Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism Sustainable tourism: definitions eg Brundtland Report (1987), Triple Bottom Line, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) Principles for Sustainable Development (1995) Principles: planning considerations, benefits to the environment, the host community, the tourism industry, the visitor; factors of supply of facilities and resource weighed against demand; proposed developments eg infrastructure required; interdependence eg of society, economy and the natural environment; citizenship eg rights and responsibilities, participation and cooperation; future generations; sustainable change eg development



3.1 justify the introduction of the concept of sustainability in tourism development

 3.2 analyse factors that may prevent/hinder sustainable tourism development


3.3 analyse different stages in planning for sustainability




LO4 Understand current issues related to tourism development planning



Understand current issues related to tourism development planning Current issues: conflict eg tension between the planner, tour operator, tourist, government, developer, local community, guest-host relationship; impacts eg economic, social, environmental; access eg balance of supply and demand, imposition of limits, pressure on finite resources; enclave tourism eg advantages and disadvantages to the local community, moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism



4.1 evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future well-being of a developing tourism destination

4.2 analyse the implications of balancing supply and demand


4.3 evaluate the moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism




LO5 Understand the sociocultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in developing countries and emerging destinations



Understand the socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in developing countries and emerging destinations Socio-cultural: social change, changing values, crime and gambling, moral behaviour, change in family structure and roles, tourist/host/relationships, provision of social services, commercialisation of culture and art, revitalisation of customs and art forms, destruction and preservation of heritage Environmental: types of conservation and pollution eg air, visual, noise etc, land use, ecological disruption, pressures on infrastructure and finite resources, erosion, preservation of environment eg national parks, drainage, irrigation Economic: generation of employment, provision of foreign exchange, multiplier effect of tourism as contribution to the balance of payments, economic leakage, development of the private sector, foreign ownership and management Developing countries: countries eg India, Thailand, Jordan Emerging destinations: destinations for medical tourism eg India, Thailand, Hungary; other destinations eg Bulgaria, Qatar, Shanghai

Strategic role of operations management
5.1 compare current issues associated with tourism development in a developing country and an emerging destination where the impacts of tourism are different


5.2 evaluate, with recommendations, the future development of tourism in these destinations






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