UNIT 32: NUTRITION AND DIET

UNIT 32: NUTRITION AND DIET



LO1 Understand nutritional principles


Understand nutritional principles Food choice: factors influencing food choice and dietary habits (socio-economic, cultural, religious, ethical, psychological, media, sensory perception); current food trends eg fast foods, snacking Food classification: main food groups (meat, fish and alternatives, milk and dairy foods, bread and cereal foods, fruit and vegetables, fatty and sugary foods); nutritional values of common foods Nutritional requirements: dietary reference values (DRVs) for nutrients and energy; nutrient and energy needs of population subgroups (children, physically active, elderly, pregnancy and lactation) Nutritional status: assessment of the nutritional status of populations and individuals (anthropometric assessment); body mass index (BMI); biochemical; measurement of food and nutrient intake (24-hour recall, weighed inventory, National Food Survey); use of food tables

: 1.1 review factors affecting food choice and current food trends

1.2 categorise foods according to type and nutrient content

1.3 discuss nutritional requirements of individuals and groups


1.4 assess methods used for measuring nutritional status and food intake



LO2 Understand the links between diet and health


Understand the links between diet and health Health: obesity and overweight (nature and extent, causes, treatment); coronary heart disease; dietary fats (saturates, monounsaturates, polyunsaturates, omega-3 fatty acids, trans-fatty acids) and effects on serum cholesterol (LDL and HDL); diet and dental health; fibre/NSP (non-starch polysaccharides) and bowel disorders; diet (eg antioxidant vitamins) and cancer; salt and hypertension Healthy eating: healthy eating guidelines as current at time of delivery; 1983 NACNE report; nutrient and food recommendations of 1994 COMA report; SACN [1999]; Our Healthier Nation [1999]; Choosing Health: Making Healthy Choices Easier [2004]; Nutritional Well-being of the British Population [September 2008]; comparison with health in other countries in relation to diet eg Mediterranean diet, diet in Japan Alcohol: physiological/psychological effects of alcohol in the body (short- and long-term); behavioural effects; product development trends linked to customer demands; current market share for alcoholic beverages Deficiency diseases: vitamin and mineral deficiencies eg folic acid deficiency, anaemia Therapeutic diets: diabetic; weight-reducing; gluten-free Allergies: various eg nuts, colourings, flavourings Range of medical conditions: range eg diabetes, renal failure, heart disease, obesity, coeliac disease 

2.1 discuss the relationships between diet and health, explaining the principles of healthy eating

2.2 appraise the effects of alcohol on the human body and the hospitality world


2.3 assess the use of diet in the treatment of a range of medical conditions




LO3 Be able to plan and analyse diets and menus



Be able to plan and analyse diets and menus Meal/menu planning: construction of healthy, palatable meals and menus for a variety of situations and customers including vegetarian, vegan, diabetic, weight-reducing and glutenfree diets Analysis of menus and diets: measurement, calculation and estimation of weights of foods in meals and diets; use of food tables and computer programmes in the analysis of the nutrient and energy contents of a variety of menus and diets; evaluation of the suitability of menus for the intended customers Menu modification: adaptation of recipes, menus and diets to comply with healthy eating guidelines (reduced fat, sugar, salt and increased fibre)


3.1 plan, develop and analyse healthy, palatable meals for a variety of customers and situations


3.2 modify existing recipes, meals and menus to implement healthy eating principles




LO4 Understand the role of nutrition in hospitality management



Understand the role of nutrition in hospitality management Food production methods: effects of different food production methods and cooking techniques on the nutritional values of foods eg conventional large-scale cooking methods, microwave cooking, cook-freeze, cook-chill, sous vide Nutrition in different sectors of the industry: application of nutritional principles and relative importance of nutrition in a variety of catering businesses eg schools, hospitals, residential homes, employee feeding, hotels, restaurants, fast-food businesses Promotion of healthy eating: importance of a good diet; presentation of nutritional information to customers and staff; nutrition educationMGT8033 Leading organizational change Assignment 3 Case study 2



4.1 evaluate the effects of different methods of food production on the nutritional value of foods

4.2 compare the different nutritional principles involved in a variety of catering outlets


 4.3 produce and analyse material that provides nutritional information and promotes concepts of healthy eating suitable for use in the catering industry






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